Table of Contents

  • INDIA xxiv. PERSIAN CALLIGRAPHY IN

    Cross-Reference

    Forthcoming.

  • INDIA xxv. MUTUAL MYSTICAL INFLUENCES

    cross-reference

    See under SUFISM.

  • INDIA xxvi. MUTUAL MUSICAL INFLUENCES

    cross-reference

      See under MUSIC.

  • INDIA xxvii. MUTUAL SCIENTIFIC INFLUENCES

    cross-reference

    See under SCIENCE.

  • INDIA xxviii. IRANIAN IMMIGRANTS IN INDIA

    Masashi Haneda

    Although emigration from the Iranian plateau to the Indian subcontinent is not a phenomenon specific to any particular period, the trend does seem to have grown after the foundation of Muslim governments on the subcontinent.

  • INDIA xxix. SHIʿITE COMMUNITIES IN

    Cross-Reference

    See CONVERSION iii. TO IMAMI SHI'ISM IN INDIA.

  • INDIA xxx. INDIAN MERCHANTS IN CENTRAL ASIA AND IRAN

    Scott C. Levi

    The Indian merchant diaspora in Central Asia and Persia emerged in the mid-16th century and remained active for over four centuries.

  • INDIA xxxi. INDIAN MERCHANTS IN 19TH-CENTURY AFGHANISTAN

    Shah Mahmoud Hanifi

    Indian communities in Afghanistan performed an array of commercial functions in both the private and state sectors that served to integrate the Afghan economy and link it to surrounding markets in Central and South Asia.

  • INDIA xxxii. PARSI COMMUNITIES

    Cross-Reference

     See PARSI COMMUNITIES i. and PARSI COMMUNITIES ii.

  • INDIA xxxiii. INDO-MUSLIM PHYSICIANS

    Fabrizio Speziale

    Medicine constitutes the scientific field on which the largest corpus of works has been composed in Muslim India.

  • INDIAN OCEAN

    D. T. Potts

    This entry will deal with the role of Indian Ocean in international trade in the following periods:

    i. Pre-Islamic period. ii. Islamic Period. See Supplement.

  • INDIGO

    Carol Bier

    (Pers. nil), the common name of a broad genus, Indigofera, with numerous species. Many tribal groups in Persia have relied on the use of indigo to achieve a stable blue color for the wool of carpets and kilims.

  • INDO-EUROPEAN TELEGRAPH COMPANY

    Michael Rubin

    (IETC), a telegraph company that controlled telegraph wires between Tehran and the Russian border and onward through Russia and Germany to London.

  • INDO-EUROPEAN TELEGRAPH DEPARTMENT

    Michael Rubin

    (IETD), a branch of the British Government of India, based in London, which managed a series of telegraph lines in Iran.

  • INDO-GREEK DYNASTY

    Osmund Bopearachchi

    Greco-Bactrian kings who ruled over the region south of the Hindu Kush in the second and first century B.C.E.

  • INDO-IRANIAN FRONTIER LANGUAGES

    Elena Bashir

    This article surveys Indo-Iranian frontier languages the territory of present-day Pakistan, which have been under the cultural and linguistic influence of successive stages of the Persian language since the time of the Achaemenid Empire.

  • INDO-IRANIAN LANGUAGES

    cross-reference

    See IRAN vi. IRANIAN LANGUAGES AND SCRIPTS.

  • INDO-IRANIAN RELIGION

    Gherardo Gnoli

    Indo-Iranian comparative studies enable us to distinguish a fund of religious concepts, beliefs, and practices that are common to ancient Iran and ancient India.

  • INDO-PARTHIAN DYNASTY

    Christine Fröhlich

    The rulers of both dynasties took every opportunity to capture Kandahar, which changed hands between the two on a dozen occasions. While maritime disturbances were known to have driven merchants to use the caravan routes, during the periods of Mughal-Safavid rivalry over Kandahar, merchants would temporarily favor the more predictable maritime routes.

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  • INDO-SCYTHIAN DYNASTY

    R. C. Senior

    from Maues, the first (Indo-)Scythian king of India (ca. 120-85 BCE) to the mid-1st century CE. When precisely and under what circumstances Maues arrived in India is uncertain, but the expulsion of the Scythian (Saka/Sai) peoples from Central Asia is referred to in the Han Shu, where the cause given is their confrontation with the Ta Yüeh-chih, themselves undergoing an enforced migration.

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