Table of Contents


    Mahnaz Moazami

    a short Avestan text with Pahlavi translation; each Avestan sentence is followed by its Pahlavi translation and sometimes with additional explanatory glosses.


    Paul Losensky

    (ca. 1532-1583), Kamāl-al-Din (or Šams-al-Din Moḥammad), Persian poet of the Safavid period, who was born in Bāfq and died in Yazd.


    Ernie Haerinck

    (1923-1993), Belgian archeologist who devoted almost all his research to Iran’s history.

  • VATATZES, Vasilios

    Evangelos Venetis

    Greek scholar, merchant, traveler, pioneer explorer, and diplomat.

  • VĀYU

    William W. Malandra

    Wind, Atmosphere, Space,” name of a deity and the natural phenomenon.

  • VAZIRI, ʿAli-Naqi

    Hormoz Farhat

    (b. Tehran, 1887; d., Tehran, 9 September 1979), composer, virtuoso tār player, musical theorist, and educator.

  • VAZIRITABĀR, Ḥosayn-ʿAli

    Morteżā Ḥoseyni Dehkordi

    (1906-1958) musician and prominent performer of the qaranei (clarinet). 


    Multiple Authors

    the common name given to the Avestan text widaēwa-dāta-, Pahl. jud-dēw-dād “The Law repudiating the Demons.”

  • VENDĪDĀD i. Survey of the history and contents of the text

    William W. Malandra

    Of the three major divisions of the 21 Nasks of the Sasanian Avesta, the Vendīdād was the last of those called dādīg “dealing with law,” and 19th overall. 

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • VENDĪDĀD ii. Transmission of the Vīdēvdād in India

    Alberto Cantera

    The number of Pahlavi Vīdēvdād (PV) manuscripts that have been copied is quite high, but their distribution in time is irregular. Among these manuscripts, we have noticed that only a few are dated for certain before the 18th century.