According to the 1989 Soviet census, the latest available official source, Ossetic is spoken by about 500,000 people; of these, about 330,000 live in North Ossetia and 125,000 in Georgia. These figures should, however, be regarded with some caution as a large part of the Ossetic population is bilingual, also speaking Kabardian, Ingush, or Karachay-Balkar.
(lit. “well wheel”), a device for drawing water from a well or river or for removing soil during the excavation of a well. It is a type of windlass, consisting of a hollow horizontal cylinder around which a rope is coiled or uncoiled to raise or lower a bucket attached to the end. Formerly they were common features of Iranian gardens and courtyards in regions where the absence of qanāts and running water made wells indispensable.
Fascicle 2 of Volume XVI
The most recent fascicle in the print edition of Encyclopædia Iranica appeared during the second quarter of 2013. This fascicle continues the development of letter “K” topics. It begins with the ancient KASSITES and ends with the beginning of titles with initial Ke-. Especially notable in this fascicle is the comprehensive survey of the Kayanid dynasty in the traditional history of Iran, as recorded in our sources both pre-Islamic and Islamic. This entry by Prof. P. O. Skjærvø, under the title KAYĀNIĀN, is now available at this website, along with all other entries in the fascicle.
For Encyclopædia Iranica order information, please visit the website of Eisenbrauns, Inc.
For a list of the Fascicle XVI/2 entry titles and authors, select the button below.
The Encyclopaedia Iranica Online can be searched by tags, and so we are calling on our readers to submit tags when reading Encyclopaedia Iranica Online entries. For information about how to participate in this new project, please click here.
We have launched a crowdsourcing project to improve access to the free Encyclopaedia Iranica (EIr) site. Since our URL update in Spring 2010 there are still many broken EIr links in Wikipedia. For those of you who would like to assist the Wikipedians and us with repairing these links, click here for more information.
The Encyclopaedia Iranica Staff
For the full list of recent entries (updated to March 1 2014), select the button below.