Welcome to Encyclopædia Iranica

The Encyclopædia Iranica is a comprehensive research tool dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.   



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Fascicle 2 of Volume XVI

recently published

The most recent fascicle in the print edition of Encyclopædia Iranica appeared during the second quarter of 2013. This fascicle continues the development of letter “K” topics. It begins with the ancient KASSITES and ends with the beginning of titles with initial Ke-. Especially notable in this fascicle is the comprehensive survey of the Kayanid dynasty in the traditional history of Iran, as recorded in our sources both pre-Islamic and Islamic. This entry by Prof. P. O. Skjærvø, under the title KAYĀNIĀN, is now available at this website, along with all other entries in the fascicle.

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For a list of the Fascicle XVI/2 entry titles and authors, select the button below. 

In Focus


(1937-1983), a modernist artist, educator and among the founders of the Saqqā-ḵāna School of Art.

Untitled 1962, watercolor on paper, 77 15/16 × 51 3/16 in. (198 × 130 cm). Collection of Houman M. Sarshar, New York

Faramarz grew up in a middle class family and attended Tehran’s School of Decorative Arts for Boys.

Pilaram was among the first group of Iranian artists who focused on Iranian heritage and mythical motifs, making him one of the founders of the Saqqā-ḵāna movement. He manipulated traditional paintings and calligraphy, as raw material, to transform the elegant Persian letters into ‘nonsensical writing’.

For the full list of recent entries (updated to August 12 2014), select the button below.