Traditional brick-kilns were and are still found all over the country. Until recently, bricks were only made in small traditional kilns. A European established the first modern brick-kiln around 1905. However, it was only in 1935 that a German engineer constructed the so-called “Hoffman brick-kiln,” with its characteristic high chimney, in south Tehran.
This article discusses religious or communal festivals and commemorations, ancient and modern, of diverse communities in Persia and Afghanistan.
Fascicle 2 of Volume XVI
The most recent fascicle in the print edition of Encyclopædia Iranica appeared during the second quarter of 2013. This fascicle continues the development of letter “K” topics. It begins with the ancient KASSITES and ends with the beginning of titles with initial Ke-. Especially notable in this fascicle is the comprehensive survey of the Kayanid dynasty in the traditional history of Iran, as recorded in our sources both pre-Islamic and Islamic. This entry by Prof. P. O. Skjærvø, under the title KAYĀNIĀN, is now available at this website, along with all other entries in the fascicle.
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New entry on Iranica:
an account of mammals in history, literature, biodiversity, and biogeography.
Young Asiatic black bear, Ursus thibetanus gedrosianus. (Photograph © Fariborz Heidari)
For the full list of recent entries (updated to the end of June 2015), select the button below.