(šerkat-e taʿāwonī), economic organizations owned jointly by and operated for the benefit of groups of individuals. Such cooperatives were first introduced and recognized in Persia under the Commercial code (Qānūn-e tejārat) of 1303 Š./1924, which provided for both production (tawlīd) and consumer (maṣraf) cooperatives.
Most of the inscriptions and documents written in Judeo-Persian at the beginning of the Islamic period were discovered in the 19th century. They are important for the study of the development of early New Persian, and their existence proves that Jews lived and were active in all areas within and beyond the borders of historical Persia.
Fascicle 2 of Volume XVI
The most recent fascicle in the print edition of Encyclopædia Iranica appeared during the second quarter of 2013. This fascicle continues the development of letter “K” topics. It begins with the ancient KASSITES and ends with the beginning of titles with initial Ke-. Especially notable in this fascicle is the comprehensive survey of the Kayanid dynasty in the traditional history of Iran, as recorded in our sources both pre-Islamic and Islamic. This entry by Prof. P. O. Skjærvø, under the title KAYĀNIĀN, is now available at this website, along with all other entries in the fascicle.
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Nancy Hatch Dupree receives Sir Percy Sykes Memorial Medal from Royal Society of Asian Affairs
On January 30, 2014, Nancy Hatch Dupree was the honored recipient of the Sir Percy Sykes Memorial Medal in recognition of her contribution to education and research in Afghanistan and for the establishment of the Afghanistan Centre at Kabul University (ACKU). The medal was bestowed upon her by the British ambassador to Afghanistan, Sir Richard Stagg. See further at the ACKU website.
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