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C. Edmund Bosworth
the classical designation for Transoxania or Transoxiana. It was defined by the early Arabic historians and geographers as the lands under Muslim control lying to the north of the middle and upper Oxus or Āmu Daryā.
a treatise written in 1894 by Bibi Ḵānom Estarābādi/Astarābādi as a counterargument to the anonymous Taʾdib al-neswān/Taʾdib al-nesāʾ, a tract on how to discipline women, published in the mid-19th century.
(1904-1979), Polish Iranist. Some of his best papers are devoted to cultural and political life in Pahlavi Persia.
(1926-2001), distinguished British scholar of Middle and Modern Iranian languages with an impressive record of publications.This Article Has Images/Tables.
the Sasanian metropolitan area of several contiguous cities, on both sides of the Tigris and connected by floating bridges, about 35 km southeast of Abbasid Baghdad.
dictionary of the Persian language compiled in 1001/1593 by the poet and historian Allāh-dād Fayżī b. Asad al-ʿOlamāʾ ʿAli-šir Serhendi.
"Solaymān's mother," local name of the tomb of Cyrus. See CYRUS v. The Tomb of Cyrus.
(Book of a Thousand Judgements), Pahlavi Law-Book from the late Sasanian period (first half of the seventh century).
chronogram poem, a poetic genre characterized by the inclusion of the year in which an event occurred.
Keys to sciences), a book in which key terms used by various classes of scholars, artisans, state officials, etc. are explained.