Table of Contents

  • HEAVEN

    Cross-Reference

    See ĀSMĀN; ESCHATOLOGY.

  • HECATAEUS OF MILETUS

    Joseph Wiesehöfer

    a Greek author from the city of Miletus in Asia Minor (fl. between 560 and 418 BCE), author of a geographical survey of the regions and the peoples in the Achaemenid empire.

  • HECATOMPYLUS

    cross-reference

    See ŠAHR-E QUMIS.

  • HEDĀYAT AL-MOTAʿALLEMIN FI’L-ṬEBB

    Jalal Matini

    the complete title of the oldest extant treatise on medicine written in Persia, which is also commonly referred to simply as Ketāb-e Hedāyat.

  • HEDĀYAT, MOḴBER-AL-SALṬANA

    Manouchehr Kasheff, Amemeh Yousefzadeh

    , MEHDIQOLI, statesman, author, and musicologist (1864-1955).

  • HEDĀYAT, MOḴBER-AL-SALṬANA i. LIFE AND WORK

    Manouchehr Kasheff

    , MEHDIQOLI, statesman, author, and musicologist (1864-1955). Highlights of his political career include a role in the Constitutional Revolution, tenures as governor-general of Fārs and of Azerbaijan during the critical years of World War I and its aftermath, and premiership in the early Pahlavi era.

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  • HEDĀYAT, MOḴBER-AL-SALṬANA ii. AS MUSICIAN

    Amemeh Yousefzadeh

    Apart from a book about musical theory, the Majmaʿ al-adwār (Tehran, 1938), we owe him one of the earliest complete notations of the repertoire of Persian music (radifs).

  • HEDĀYAT, REŻĀQOLI KHAN

    Paul E. Losensky

    Persian literary historian, administrator, and poet of the Qajar period (1800-1871).

  • HEDAYAT, SADEQ

    Multiple Authors

    (Hedāyat, Ṣādeq), the eminent fiction writer (1903-1951), who had a vast influence on the next generation of Persian writers.

  • HEDAYAT, SADEQ i. LIFE AND WORK

    Homa Katouzian and EIr

    Sadeq Hedayat was the youngest child of Hedā-yatqoli Khan Eʿteżād-al-Molk, the notable literary historian, the dean of the Military Academy.

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  • HEDAYAT, SADEQ ii. THEMES, PLOTS, AND TECHNIQUE IN HEDAYAT’S FICTION

    Michael Graig Hillmann

    Most of the short stories that Sadeq Hedayat wrote between the late 1920s and the mid-1930s are generally culture-specific, full of local color, and depict some aspects of Iranian life.

  • HEDAYAT, SADEQ iii. HEDĀYAT AND FOLKLORE STUDIES

    Ulrich Marzolph

    Hedayat is acknowledged as a major contributor in twentieth-century Iran to the growing awareness devoted to the collection and study of various aspects of everyday culture, particularly verbal art. 

  • HEDAYAT, SADEQ iv. TRANSLATIONS OF PAHLAVI TEXTS

    Touraj Daryaee

    Sadeq Hedayat traveled to India in 1936 and stayed for less than two years. In Bombay he began studying Middle Persian and some Pāzand with the Parsi scholar B. T.  Anklesaria.

  • HEDAYAT, SADEQ v. SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

    EIr

    This article contains a selected biography of the works of Sadeq Hedayat.

  • HEDGEHOG

    Steven C. Anderson

    (ḵār-pošt, juja-tiḡi, čula), member of the Erinaceinae sub-family of the Erinaceidae family of insectivores; animals the size of a small rabbit. The various species of hedgehogs are found in deciduous woodlands, cultivated fields, and desert regions. They are primarily nocturnal. Hedgehogs are omnivorous, but they prefer animal food.

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  • HEDIN, SVEN

    Håkan Wahlquist

    Swedish explorer of, and prolific writer on, Central Asia and Persia (1865-1952).

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  • ḤEFẒ AL-ṢEḤḤA

    Nasseredin Parvin

    the first Iranian medical journal, published as a  monthly during 1906.

  • HEGEL, GEORG WILHELM FRIEDRICH

    M. Azadpour

    German idealist philosopher (1770-1831). Hegel based his discussion of pre-Islamic Persia on two main sources: 1. ancient Greek sources on Persia, such as Herodotus; 2. A. H. Anquetil-Duperron’s pioneering work, Le Zend-Avesta (1771).

  • ḤEJĀB

    cross-reference

    See ČĀDOR (2).

  • ḤEJĀZ

    Jean During

    in Persian music, an important modal type (šāh-guša) of the Persian radif.