Table of Contents

  • ḤASANLU TEPPE ii. THE GOLDEN BOWL

    Robert H. Dyson, Jr

    The “gold bowl of Ḥasanlu” was found in the debris of Burned Building I West on the Citadel Mound at Ḥasanlu in 1958. It had fallen into room 9 in the southeastern corner of the building.

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  • ḤASANVAND

    Pierre Oberling

    a Lor tribe of the Piškuh region in Lorestān. In the 1870s it numbered some 2,500 families distributed among 16 tiras.

  • ḤĀŠEM, RAḤIM

    Habib Borjian

    (1908,-1993), Tajik essayist, literary critic, and translator, who is considered to have been one of the founders of modern Tajik literature.

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  • HĀŠEMIDS

    Cross-Reference

    See ĀL-E HĀŠEM.

  • HASHISH

    Cross-Reference

    See BANG.

  • ḤASIBI, KĀẒEM

    Bagher Agheli and EIr

    (1906-1990), political figure and university professor. When the oil industry was nationalized in 1951, Ḥasibi, as Deputy Minister of Finance, became a member of the delegation charged with the eviction of the former oil company. He accompanied Dr. Moṣaddeq to the U.N. Security Council.

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  • HAŠT BEHEŠT (1)

    cross-reference

    See ISFAHAN x. MONUMENTS.

  • HAŠT BEHEŠT (2)

    Michele Bernardini

    (lit: “the Eight Heavens, the Eight paradises”), a cosmological concept used on several occasions as the title of literary works, or as the name of a particular architectural form in Persian, Turkish, and Indian contexts.

  • HAŠTPAR

    Marcel Bazin

    city in the western part of Gilān Province, center of the šahrestān (sub-provincial district) of Ṭāleš (or Tāleš).

  • HAŠTPĀY

    Antonio Panaino

    name of a game from the Sasanian era which has not been precisely identified.

  • HAŠTRUD

    Z. Sadrolashrafi

    a sub-province (šahrestān) in the south of Azerbaijan, situated between lat 36°45’ and 37°24’ N,  long 46°25’ and 47°24’ E, some 134 km from Tabriz and 101 km from Miāna Sub-province.

  • HAŠTRUDI, MOḤSEN

    A. Shadi Tahvildar-Zadeh and Fariborz Majidi

    In Tehran, Mohsen Hastrudi was appointed assistant professor at the Faculty of Science of the Dānešsarā-ye ʿāli and became full professor in 1941. He was also appointed the Director of Tehran’s Department of Education, President of the University of Tabriz (1951), and the Dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of Tehran (1957).

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  • ḤĀTAMI, ʿALI

    Jamsheed Akrami

    (b. Tehran, 1944; d. Tehran, 1996), Iranian scriptwriter and film director. For all his interest in dealing with the characters and incidents shaping the political and social history of the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, Ḥātami’s films are not particularly concerned with faithful representation and historical accuracy.

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  • HATAMTU

    Cross-Reference

    See ELAM.

  • HATARIA, MANEKJI LIMJI

    Firoze M. Kotwal, Jamsheed K. Choksy, Christopher J. Brunner, and Mahnaz Moazami

    (1813-1890), emissary of the Parsis of India to the Zoroastrians of Iran from 1854 to 1890. His forebears were among the Zoroastrian migrants from Safavid Persia to the major commercial port of Surat.

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  • HĀTEF, SAYYED AḤMAD EṢFAHĀNI

    Ḏabiḥ-Allāh Ṣafā and EIr

    (d. 1783), an influential poet of the 18th century.

  • HĀTEFI, ʿABD-ALLĀH

    Michele Bernardini

    (d. Ḵargerd, 1521) Persian poet and nephew of ʿAbd-al-Rahmān Jāmi.

  • ḤĀTEM ṬĀʾI

    Mahmoud Omidsalar

    the epitome of generosity and munificence in Arabic and Persian anecdotal traditions.

  • ḤĀTEM-NĀMA

    Pegah Shahbaz

    a popular prose romance by an unknown author, consisting of the imaginary adventures of Ḥātem Ṭāʾi, the pre-Islamic Arab noble, renowned for his boundless generosity and graceful hospitality.

  • HATRA

    Rüdiger Schmitt

    (Ḥaṭrā; Ar. Ḥażr), a strongly fortified city in Upper Mesopotamia (today northern Iraq), situated at lat 35°40′ N, long 42°45′ E in the midst of the desert steppe of the northern Jazīra.