Table of Contents

  • ELEMENTS

    Mansour Shaki

    i. In Zoroastrianism. ii. In Manicheism. iii. In Persian.

  • ELEPHANT i. IN THE NEAR EAST

    François De Blois

     i. IN THE NEAR EAST

  • ELEPHANT ii. In the Sasanian Army

    Michael B. Charles

    ii. IN THE SASANIAN ARMY

  • ELEPHANTINE

    Edda Bresciani

    the largest island in the Nile, opposite Syene.

  • ELGOOD, CYRIL LLOYD

    F. R. C. Bagley

    (1893-1970), British historian of medicine in Persia.

  • ELIAS OF NISIBIS

    Cross-Reference

    See ELĪJĀ BAR ŠĪNĀJĀ.

  • ELĪF EFENDI, Ḥaṣīrīzāda

    Tahsin Yaziçi

    (b. in Sütlüce, May 1850; d. 4 December 1926), Turkish poet and scholar.

  • ELĪJĀ BAR ŠĪNĀJĀ

    Wolfgang Felix

    (975-1049) prominent Nestorian polyhistor.

  • ELIKEAN, GRIGOR E.

    Aram Arkun

    (1880-1951), an active figure in Persian and Armenian politics, the press, and literature. 

  • ELIŠĒ

    Robert W. Thomson

    or Elisaeus, fifth century author of the History of Vardan and the Armenian War, a detailed account of the Armenian rebellion against Yazdegerd II in 450, which was prompted by his persecution of their Christian faith.

  • ELJIGIDEI

    Peter Jackson

    or Īlčīktāy, Īljīkdāy; the name of two Mongol generals.

  • ELLIPI

    Cross-Reference

    See ASSYRIA.

  • ELM

    Cross-Reference

    See AFRĀ.

  • ELM

    Hūšang Aʿlam

    any of several species of hardy deciduous ornamental or forest trees of the genus Ulmus L. (fam. Ulmaceae), typically called nārvan in Persian.

  • ʿELM AL-KETĀB

    Cross-Reference

    See DARD, ḴᵛĀJA MĪR.

  • ʿELM O HONAR

    Nassereddin Parvin

    title of two Persian magazines.

  • ʿELMĪ

    Eqbāl Yaḡmāʾī

    a high school in Tehran with 500 students studying experimental sciences, mathematics, and economy.

  • ELOQUENCE

    Cross-Reference

    (Faṣāḥāt). See BAYĀN (1).

  • ELPHINSTONE, MOUNTSTUART

    Malcolm E. Yapp

    (1779-1859), author of an important description of Afghanistan; a British Indian official who rose to become governor of Bombay.

  • ELQĀNIĀN, ḤABIB

    Shaul Bakhash

    Jewish merchant, industrialist, and philanthropist, who rose from modest beginnings to become one of Iran’s leading entrepreneurs.