Table of Contents

  • ELEMENTS

    Mansour Shaki

    i. In Zoroastrianism. ii. In Manicheism. iii. In Persian.

  • ELEPHANT i. IN THE NEAR EAST

    François De Blois

     i. IN THE NEAR EAST

  • ELEPHANT ii. In the Sasanian Army

    Michael B. Charles

    ii. IN THE SASANIAN ARMY

  • ELEPHANTINE

    Edda Bresciani

    the largest island in the Nile, opposite Syene.

  • ELGOOD, CYRIL LLOYD

    F. R. C. Bagley

    (1893-1970), British historian of medicine in Persia.

  • ELIAS OF NISIBIS

    Cross-Reference

    See ELĪJĀ BAR ŠĪNĀJĀ.

  • ELĪF EFENDI, Ḥaṣīrīzāda

    Tahsin Yaziçi

    (b. in Sütlüce, May 1850; d. 4 December 1926), Turkish poet and scholar.

  • ELĪJĀ BAR ŠĪNĀJĀ

    Wolfgang Felix

    (975-1049) prominent Nestorian polyhistor. 975-1049). His work is an important source for Sasanian history. In 1002 he was made bishop of Bēṯ Nuhādrē in Adiabene, and in 1008 metropolitan of Nisibis (Naṣībīn). He wrote in Syriac and Arabic on theological issues.

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  • ELIKEAN, GRIGOR E.

    Aram Arkun

    (1880-1951), an active figure in Persian and Armenian politics, the press, and literature. 

  • ELIŠĒ

    Robert W. Thomson

    or Elisaeus, fifth century author of the History of Vardan and the Armenian War, a detailed account of the Armenian rebellion against Yazdegerd II in 450, which was prompted by his persecution of their Christian faith.

  • ELJIGIDEI

    Peter Jackson

    or Īlčīktāy, Īljīkdāy; the name of two Mongol generals.

  • ELLIPI

    Cross-Reference

    See ASSYRIA.

  • ELM

    Hūšang Aʿlam

    any of several species of hardy deciduous ornamental or forest trees of the genus Ulmus L. (fam. Ulmaceae), typically called nārvan in Persian.

  • ʿELM AL-KETĀB

    Cross-Reference

    See DARD, ḴᵛĀJA MĪR.

  • ʿELM O HONAR

    Nassereddin Parvin

    title of two Persian magazines.

  • ʿELMĪ

    Eqbāl Yaḡmāʾī

    a high school in Tehran with 500 students studying experimental sciences, mathematics, and economy.

  • ELOQUENCE

    Cross-Reference

    (Faṣāḥāt). See BAYĀN (1).

  • ELPHINSTONE, MOUNTSTUART

    Malcolm E. Yapp

    (1779-1859), author of an important description of Afghanistan; a British Indian official who rose to become governor of Bombay.

  • ELQĀNIĀN, ḤABIB

    Shaul Bakhash

    Jewish merchant, industrialist, and philanthropist, who rose from modest beginnings to become one of Iran’s leading entrepreneurs.

  • ELTON, JOHN

    John Perry

    (?-1751), English merchant, seaman and shipbuilder for Nāder Shah Afšār.