Table of Contents
(b. Kabul, 1909; d. Kabul, 27 April 1978), prime minister (1953-63) and first president of Afghanistan (1973-78). During his tenure as minister (known as “Dāwūd’s decade”), he transformed the Afghan state.Throughout his career he combined a strong desire to modernize the country with a close identification with the military.This Article Has Images/Tables.
W. W. Malandra
(Av. daδuuah-, Pahl. day “creator”), an epithet of Ahura Mazdā that became the name of the tenth month, as well as of the eighth, fifteenth, and twenty-third days in each month of the Zoroastrian calendar.
Mahmoud Omidsalar and Theresa Omidsalar
b. Moḥammad b. Šāhāvar b. Anūšervān Rāzī (1177–1256), mystic and author.
Robert G. Bedrosian
a form of child rearing practiced in Armenia and other parts of the Caucasus.
the first general encyclopedia in Persian compiled along modern lines.
monastery; in early Islamic Arabic and Persian literature usually a building in which Christian monks (rāheb) lived and worshiped.
C. Edmund Bosworth
lit., “the monastery at the bend in the river”; a medieval town in Iraq situated on the Tigris 15 farsangs (= 80 km) southeast of Baghdad.
lit., “gypsum hospice”; Sasanian caravansary situated in the desert halfway between Ray and Qom, on the ancient route from Ray to Isfahan. It is recorded in most early Muslim geographies. Over time, it underwent major reconstruction at least twice.This Article Has Images/Tables.