Editorial Staff

The Encyclopaedia Iranica employs a small, dedicated editorial staff.

General Editor: Ehsan Yarshater (ey4@columbia.edu)

EY PhotoProfessor Ehsan Yarshater is the Hagop Kevorkian Professor Emeritus of Iranian Studies at Columbia University and Director of its Center for Iranian Studies. He has authored and served as the editor of numerous scholarly works. Among many notable works, he has authored Persian Poetry in the Second Half of the 15th Century (1953), Southern Tati Dialects (1970), and has edited the third volume of Cambridge History of Iran, in two parts, covering the Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian periods (1983, 1986), and Persian Literature (1988). He is the General Editor of the 40-volume Tabari Translation Project, and the Founding Editor of the Persian Text Series, the Persian Heritage Series and the Persian Studies Series. Lecture series in his name have been instituted at Harvard, the University of London, and the University of California at Los Angeles. 

Managing Editor: Ahmad Ashraf (aa398@columbia.edu)

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Ahmad Ashraf has taught sociology and the social history of Persia at the University of Pennsylvania, Columbia University, Princeton University, and Tehran University. He is the author of several books and numerous articles, including Historical Obstacles to the Development of Capitalism in Iran (1980). His writings have covered such topics as social hierarchies in Persia, tradition and modernity, Iranian national identity, agrarian relations in Persia, and charismatic leadership and theocratic rule in post-revolutionary Persia. Dr. Ashraf has served on the editorial board of the Iranian StudiesInternational Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society, and Iran-Nameh. Since 1992, he has served as a Trustee-at-Large of the American Institute of Iranian Studies.

Associate Editor: Nicholas Sims-Williams

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Nicholas Sims-Williams is currently Professor of Iranian and Central Asian Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. He studied Iranian languages and Sanskrit at Cambridge University and went on to do a Ph.D. there under Dr. Ilya Gershevitch, his thesis being an edition of a fragmentary manuscript containing Christian texts translated from Syriac into Sogdian, the Iranian language of medieval Samarkand. This was later published as The Christian Sogdian manuscript C2, Berlin 1985, and awarded the Prix Ghirshman of the Institut de France. Professor Sims-Williams was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1988 and is also a member of the French and Austrian Academies. He is particularly interested in the Middle Iranian languages of pre-Islamic Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia, being equally fascinated by the languages themselves, with their Indo-European roots, and by their Central Asian setting, with its stimulating mixture of languages, cultures, and religions. At present he is engaged in deciphering and publishing a cache of documents in the little-known Bactrian language (see Bactrian Documents from Northern Afghanistan, I: Legal and Economic Documents, Oxford, 2000).

Associate Editor: Christopher J. Brunner (iranica.brunner@gmail.com)

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Christopher J. Brunner (B.A., University of Michigan, 1966; Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1971) taught pre-Islamic Iranian languages and religions at Columbia University in the 1970s and was the original Assistant Editor of Encyclopaedia Iranica. His dissertation, A Syntax of Western Middle Iranian, was published in the Persian Studies Series of the Center for Iranian Studies (1977), and his Sasanian Stamp Seals in the Metropolitan Museum of Art was published by the Museum (1978). His journal articles and Encyclopaedia Iranica entries deal with Sasanian seals, texts, and other pre-Islamic topics. Dr. Brunner is a retired director of computer applications development, with experience in Japanese language and literature.

Associate Editor: Mohsen Ashtiany (ma419@columbia.edu)

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A graduate of University of St. Andrews and Oxford University, Mohsen Ashtiany has taught Persian literature and history at Oxford University, University of Manchester and the University of California at Los Angeles and has held Visiting Fellowships at Harvard and Princeton. He is a member of the Editorial Board of A History of Persian Literature (in 18 volumes); co-editor of vol. II of the series and editor of vol. III. He is also a Fellow of the Stockholm Collegium of World Literary History, Stockholm University and author of the contributions on Classical Persian Poetry in the 4 volume Literature: A World History, ed. David Damrosch et al. (Blackwell's, 2013). An annotated translation of Beyhaqi' Tarikh-e Mas'udi, carried out in collaboration with Professor C. E. Bosworth and funded by The National Endowment for Humanities was published in 3 volumes in September 2011 by the Ilex Foundation and the Center Hellenic Studies, and distributed by Harvard University Press.

Senior Assistant  Editor: Dagmar Riedel (dar2111@columbia.edu)

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Dagmar Riedel studied Islamic history and medieval Arabic and Persian literatures at the  Universität Hamburg (Germany) and Indiana University. Her dissertation about Persian and Arabic anthologies received the 2005 dissertation prize of the Foundation of Iranian Studies. In 2005-2006, she was a fellow at the Arabic manuscript project of the Chester Beatty Library Dublin (Ireland). She has taught at Indiana University and Universität Hamburg. Her current research focuses on the history of Islamic studies in the West and the transmission of knowledge in the Islamic world. 

Senior Assistant Editor: Manouchehr Kasheff (mk12@columbia.edu)

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A distinguished instructor of Persian, Mr. Manouchehr Kasheff taught at Columbia University from 1974 up to his retirement in 2008. Since 2008 he has been teaching at New York University. He founded the American Association of Teachers of Persian and served as its first secretary-treasurer. He is author of a number of articles for the Encyclopædia Iranica and the Encyclopædia of Asian Studies and has translated into Persian books by A.J. Arberry and S. Runciman and articles by distinguished authors including T.S. Eliot, George Santayana, and others. 

Senior Assistant Editor: Habib Borjian (habibborjian@hotmail.com)

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Habib Borjian received his academic training in the fields of engineering and humanities and has taught and published in both fields. He took graduate courses on Middle East and Central Asia at Columbia University while completing his postgraduate work in solid mechanics. He continued his study of Iranian languages at the University of Tehran and Yerevan State University, where he earned masters and doctorate degrees, respectively. His publications include articles in various journals and edited volumes and three volumes in Persian: Orthography of Iranian Languages, Tabari Texts, and Median Dialects of Isfahan. His current research focuses on the documentation of the endangered languages.

Assistant Editor: Houra Yavari (hy2101@columbia.edu)

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Houra Yavari received a B.A. in English Language and Literature and an M.A. in Psychology from the University of Tehran. Pursuing her studies in the US, she received an M.ED. from the Bank Street College of Education while studying literature and literary criticism, particularly as applied to modern Persian fiction. Her articles and books focus mainly on psychoanalysis and literature. She is the author of Psychoanalysis and Literature: Two Texts, Two Selves, Two Worlds (Tehran, 1995) and Living in the Mirror: A Literary Perspective (Tehran, 2005). She is the Consulting Editor on Modern Persian Fiction to the Encyclopaedia Iranica to which she has contributed the article "Modern Fiction: History and Development."

Assistant Editor: Kioumars Ghereghlou (kg2126@gmail.com)

Kioumars Ghereghlou studied History at the National University of Iran in Tehran (Ph.D., 2006) and his research is focused on early modern history of Iran with special reference to the trends and events shaping the sociopolitical and dynastic history of the country between 1500 and 1900. Before joining the Encyclopaedia Iranica editorial staff, he was a visiting scholar at New York University and an adjunct professor at the New School for Social Research.

Online Coordinator: Setti Razavi (sr150@columbia.edu)

Setti Razavi is an expert in multimedia development and instructional technologies. She has a Masters degree from Teachers College, Columbia University and has worked in various educational and academic environments.