Table of Contents

  • Kesāʾi Marvazi

    J. T. P. de Bruijn

    (also vocalized Kasāʾi), 10th-century Persian poet.

  • ḴEṢĀLI ČELEBI

    Osman G. Özgüdenli

    Ḥosayn, Ottoman poet and writer born in Budapest at an unknown date.  His divān is the only source of information about his life.

  • KETĀB AL-ʿĀLEM WA’L-ḠOLĀM

    David Hollenberg

    (The Book of the sage and the youth), a work attributed to the Ismaʿili missionary Jaʿfar b. Manṣur-al-Yaman (d. ca. 960).

  • KETĀB AL-EṢLĀḤ

    Shin Nomoto

    an early Ismaʿili work in Arabic by Abu Ḥātem Rāzi (d. 933-34).

  • KETĀB AL-FOTUḤ

    ELTON L. DANIEL

    an important early Arabic historical text by Ebn Aʿṯam Kufi (d. 314/926?), which was translated, at least in part, into Persian towards the end of the 6th/12th century.

  • KETĀB AL-NAQŻ

    Kazuo Morimoto

    a Twelver Shiʿite polemical work in Persian produced in Ray in the third quarter of the twelfth century by Qazvini Rāzi.

  • KETĀB AL-RIĀŻ

    Faquir M. Hunzai

    a book by Ḥamid-al-Din Kermāni (d. after 411/1020), an Ismaʿili missionary, analyzing two other Ismaʿili texts, the Eṣlāḥ of Abu Ḥātem Rāzi (d. after 322/933-4) and the Noṣra of Abu Yaʿqub Sejestāni (d. after 360/970).

  • KETĀB-E IQĀN

    Sholeh Quinn and Stephen N. Lambden

    a major work of Mirzā Ḥosayn-ʿAli Nuri Bahāʾ-Allāh (d. 1892) in defense of the religious claims of Sayyed ʿAli-Moḥammad the Bāb.

  • KETĀBḴĀNA-YE MELLI-E TĀJIKESTĀN

    Evelin Grassi

     the National Library of Tajikistan. With its 28-stack rooms, the library has a capacity for ten million books. Manuscript holdings span seven centuries (13th-19th centuries) and include the works of outstanding Persian classical authors.

  • ḴEṬĀY-NĀMA

    RALPH KAUZ

    “Book on China,” written by Seyyed ʿAlī Akbar Ḵeṭāʾī in Istanbul.

  • KEYVĀNLU TRIBE

    Pierre Oberling

    a Kudish tribe of Khorasan. It was one of those Kurdish tribes that Shah ʿAbbās I forced to migrate from western Persia around 1600 for the purpose of fighting off the incursions of the Uzbeks.

  • ḴEŻR

    Anna Krasnowolska

    a prophet known to Islamic written tradition and folklore, whose worship in Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia is connected with local calendar beliefs and fertility cults.

  • KHACHIKIAN, Samuel

    Jamsheed Akrami

    Khachikian’s first film was Bāzgašt (The Return), a romantic melodrama that pitted a hardworking village boy serving an affluent family in the city against the family’s spoiled son in a rivalry over a young woman. The mawkish story shared formula of Iranian films of the period, but was technically more polished and fast-paced.

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  • KHADEMI, Ali Mohammad

    Chapour Rassekh

    Khademi joined the Air Force in 1938, and continued pilot training. He was the first Iranian to receive a commercial pilot license from the British Civil Aviation Authority in 1948, and in 1957 he completed a training course at the U.S. Air Force University in Montgomery, Alabama.

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  • KHADIV-JAM, HOSEYN

    EIr

    (1927-1986), Iranian translator and scholar of Persian and Arabic. His major publications range from translation of contemporary Arabic scholarship on Islamic philosophy to the critical edition of a number of major works in the fields of medieval philosophy and pre-modern history of Iran.

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  • KHAGAN

    Étienne de la Vaissière

    a title that entered Persian and was used by medieval Muslim historians in reference to various rulers.

  • KHAKSAR, Mansur

    Khosrow Davami

    poet, writer, editor and political activist. Khaksar had two eminent Persian poets, Maḥmud Mošref Tehrāni and Ḥassan Pastā, as his teachers in the last two years of high school. In 1959, his first poem was published in Omid-e Irān, a noted weekly journal published by Moḥammad Āṣemi in Tehran.

  • KHALAJ

    Cross-Reference

    tribe and language. See ḴALAJ.

  • KHALCHAYAN

    Lolita Nehru

    in Surxondaryo prov., southern Uzbekistan, site of a settlement and palace of the nomad Yuezhi, with paintings and sculptures of the mid-1st century BCE. The Yuezhi, and perhaps other nomad groups, overthrew the Hellenistic Greek dynasty which had ruled there since the mid-3rd century as successor to the post-Achaemenid governments of Alexander and the Seleucids.

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  • KHALESI, MAHDI

    Omid Ghaemmaghami, and Mina Yazdani

    (1860-1925), a leading, outspoken, Kāẓemayn-based Shiʿite jurist from Iraq, whose close involvement in anti-British politics and opposition to British occupation in Iraq resulted in his exile to Iran.