Table of Contents

  • GOWD-E ZEREH

    Cross-Reference

    See HĀMUN;

  • GOWDIN TEPE

    Cross-Reference

    an archeological site in western Persia. See GODIN TEPE.

  • GOWHAR

    Nasereddin Parvin

    a cultural journal published monthly from January 1973 to December 1978 (issue no. 72) of the philanthropic organization of Mortażā Nuriāni.

  • GOWHAR ḴĀTUN

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    a Saljuq princess who became the second wife of the Ghaznavid Sultan Masʿud III (r. 1099-1115).

  • GOWHAR-ĀʾĪN, Saʿd-al-dawla

    C. Edmund Bosworth

    (d. 1100), Turkish eunuch slave commander of the Great Saljuqs.

  • GOWHAR-E MORĀD (1)

    Cross-Reference

    philosopher and poet. See ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ LĀHĪJĪ

  • GOWHAR-E MORĀD (2)

    Cross-Reference

    pen name of the 20th-century author Ḡolām-Ḥosayn Sāʿedi. See SA'EDI, GHOLAM-HOSAYN.

  • GOWHAR-ŠĀD ĀḠĀ

    Beatrice Forbes Manz

    wife of Sultan Šāhroḵ b. Timur (r. 1409-47) and daughter of Ḡiāṯ-al-Din Tarḵān, a ranking amir under Timur.

  • GOWHAR-ŠĀD MOSQUE

    Lisa Golombek

    constructed in the early 15th century, the Friday mosque for pilgrims to the tomb of Imam ʿAli al-Reżā in Mašhad, so named after this famous shrine.

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  • GOWHARIN, SAYYED SĀDEQ

    Peter Avery

    Gowharin came from an old and distinguished family which traced its lineage back to the eponymous founder of the Nurbaḵšiyya, Sayyed Moḥammad Nurbaḵš (1392-1464). Himself a Sufi of the Ḵāksār order, his interest in mysticism went far beyond that of an academic.

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  • GOWJA FARANGI

    Cross-Reference

    See TOMATO.

  • GOWRAK

    Pierre Oberling

    a Kurdish tribe in northwestern Persia.

  • GOWZ

    Cross-Reference

    See WALNUT.

  • GŌZEHR

    Cross-Reference

    Bazarangid ruler in Fārs. See ARDAŠĪR I.

  • GŌZIHR

    D. N. Mackenzie

    the Middle Persian development of an old Iranian compound adjective *gau-čiθra-, recorded in the Younger Avesta in the form gaočiθra-, as an epithet of the moon, “bearing the seed, having the origin of cattle” (or, “the ox”).

  • ḠOZZ

    Peter B. Golden, C. Edmund Bosworth

    a significant Turkic tribe in western Eurasia in the 5th century.

  • GRAND LODGE OF IRAN

    Cross-Reference

    See FREEMASONRY, iii-iv.

  • GRANICUS

    Ernst Badian

    river (mod. Kocabaş Çay) flowing into the Sea of Marmara.

  • GRANT DUFF, Sir EVELYN MOUNTSTUART

    Denis Wright

    (b. 1863; d. Bath, 1926), British diplomat serving successively in Rome, Tehran, St. Petersburg, Stockholm, Berlin, then London.

  • GRANT, Captain NATHANIEL PHILIP

    Denis Wright

    (b. New York, 1774; k. Ḵorramābād, 1810), a military officer of the East India Company.