Table of Contents

  • BAAT

    N. Sims-Williams, J. Russell

    Middle Iranian personal name, borrowed in Armenian. i. Baat in Iranian sources. ii. Armenian Bat. Baat is the name of a disciple of Mani mentioned several times in the Coptic “crucifixion narrative.”

  • BĀB (1)

    D. M. MacEoin

    “door, gate, entrance,” a term of varied application in Shiʿism and related movements.

  • BĀB (2)

    H. Algar

    Title given to certain Sufi shaikhs of Central Asia.

  • BĀB AL-ABWĀB

    cross-reference

    Ancient city in Dāḡestān on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, located at the entrance to the narrow pass between the Caucasus foothills and the sea. See DARBAND (1).

  • BĀB AL-BĀB

    cross-reference

    Shaikhi ʿālem who became the first convert to Babism, provincial Babi leader in Khorasan, and organizer of Babi resistance in Māzandarān (1814-49). See BOŠRŪʾĪ.

  • BĀB, ʿAli Moḥammad Širāzi

    D. M. MacEoin

    the founder of Babism (1819-1850).

  • BĀB-E FARḠĀNĪ

    cross-reference

    title given to certain Sufi shaikhs of Central Asia. See BĀB (2).

  • BĀB-E HOMĀYŪN

    A. Sh. Shahbazi

    Sardar Almāsīya was renamed Bāb-e Homāyūn and rebuilt as a two-storied structure. The lower level was partly dressed with ashlar masonry and partly faced with glazed tiles of brilliant colors. Access was gained through a large gateway crowned by a round arch and flanked by arcades, porticoes and guardrooms.

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  • BĀB-E MĀČĪN

    cross-reference

    title given to certain Sufi shaikhs of Central Asia. See BĀB (2).

  • BĀBĀ AFŠĀR

    cross-reference

    , MĪRZĀ. See ḤAKĪMBĀŠĪ.

  • BĀBĀ AFŻAL-AL-DĪN

    William Chittick

    poet and author of philosophical works in Persian (d. ca. 1213-14).

  • BĀBĀ BEG

    cross-reference

    See JŪYĀ.

  • BĀBĀ FAḠĀNI

    Z. Safa

    Persian poet of the 15th-16th centuries.

  • BĀBĀ FARĪD

    Cross-Reference

    a major Shaikh of the Češtīya mystic order, born in the last quarter of the 12th century in Kahtwāl near Moltān, Punjab. See GANJ-E ŠAKAR, Farid-al-Din Masʿud.

  • BĀBĀ ḤĀTEM

    A. S. Melikian-Chirvani

    11th-century mausoleum in northern Afghanistan, some 40 miles west of Balḵ. It follows the simple plan of the earliest Islamic mausoleums in the Iranian world—a single square room with a cupola resting on squinches.

  • BĀBĀ JĀN ḴORĀSĀNI

    Priscilla Soucek

    16th-century calligrapher, poet, and craftsman.

  • BĀBĀ JĀN TEPE

    R. C. Henrickson

    an archeological site in northeastern Luristan (34° north latitude, 47° 56’ east longitude), on the southern edge of the Delfān plain at approximately 10 km from Nūrābād, important primarily for excavations of first-millennium B.C. levels conducted by C. Goff from 1966-69.

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  • BĀBĀ KUHI

    M. Kasheff

    popular name of Shaikh Abū ʿAbdallāh Moḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh b. ʿObaydallāh Bākūya Šīrāzī, Sufi of the 10th-11th centuries.

  • BĀBĀ ŠAMAL

    L. P. Elwell-Sutton

    weekly satirical periodical, 1943-45, founded by Reżā Ganjaʾī. It was impartially opposed to all foreign intervention and influence in Iran.

  • BĀBĀ SAMMĀSĪ

    H. Algar

    , ḴᵛĀJA MOḤAMMAD (d. 1354), Central Asian Sufi of the line known as selsela-ye ḵᵛājagān (line of the masters).