Table of Contents

  • BAAT

    N. Sims-Williams, J. Russell

    an Iranian middle personal name; Baat is the name of a disciple of Mani mentioned in the Coptic “crucifixion narrative”. The word is borrowed in Armenian in the form “Bat” which translates to the name of the “nahapet” (family head).

  • BĀB (1)

    D. M. MacEoin

    “door, gate, entrance,” a term of varied application in Shiʿism and related movements.

  • BĀB (2)

    H. Algar

    Title given to certain Sufi shaikhs of Central Asia.

  • BĀB AL-ABWĀB

    cross-reference

    Ancient city in Dāḡestān on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, located at the entrance to the narrow pass between the Caucasus foothills and the sea. See DARBAND (1).

  • BĀB AL-BĀB

    cross-reference

    Shaikhi ʿālem who became the first convert to Babism, provincial Babi leader in Khorasan, and organizer of Babi resistance in Māzandarān (1814-49). See BOŠRŪʾĪ.

  • BĀB, ʿAli Moḥammad Širāzi

    D. M. MacEoin

    (1819-1850), the founder of Babism, from a mercantile family with activities in Shiraz and Būšehr.

  • BĀB-E FARḠĀNĪ

    cross-reference

    title given to certain Sufi shaikhs of Central Asia. See BĀB (2).

  • BĀB-E HOMĀYŪN

    A. Sh. Shahbazi

    name of a gate and its connecting street in the Qajar citadel of Tehran. Once known as “Sardar Almasiya”, the gate was renamed to Bab-E Homayun and rebuilt as a two-storied structure.

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  • BĀB-E MĀČĪN

    cross-reference

    title given to certain Sufi shaikhs of Central Asia. See BĀB (2).

  • BĀBĀ AFŠĀR

    cross-reference

    , MĪRZĀ. See ḤAKĪMBĀŠĪ.

  • BĀBĀ AFŻAL-AL-DĪN

    William Chittick

    (d. ca. 1213-14) poet and author of philosophical works in Persian. His works suggest a disdain for officials, and his tomb in Maraq is still a place of pilgrimage.

  • BĀBĀ BEG

    cross-reference

    See JŪYĀ.

  • BĀBĀ FAḠĀNI

    Z. Safa

    Persian poet of the 15th and 16th centuries, who wrote under his last name and also the pen-name Sakkaki.

  • BĀBĀ FARĪD

    Cross-Reference

    a major Shaikh of the Češtīya mystic order, born in the last quarter of the 12th century in Kahtwāl near Moltān, Punjab. See GANJ-E ŠAKAR, Farid-al-Din Masʿud.

  • BĀBĀ ḤĀTEM

    A. S. Melikian-Chirvani

    11th-century mausoleum in northern Afghanistan, some 40 miles west of Balḵ. It follows the simple plan of the earliest Islamic mausoleums in the Iranian world—a single square room with a cupola resting on squinches.

  • BĀBĀ JĀN ḴORĀSĀNI

    Priscilla Soucek

    16th-century calligrapher, poet, and craftsman, also known as Ḥāfeẓ Bābā Jān Torbatī.

  • BĀBĀ JĀN TEPE

    R. C. Henrickson

    an archeological site in northeastern Luristan, on the southern edge of the Delfān plain, near Nūrābād, important primarily for excavations conducted by C. Goff from 1966 to 1969.

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  • BĀBĀ KUHI

    M. Kasheff

    popular name of Shaikh Abū ʿAbdallāh Moḥammad b. ʿAbdallāh b. ʿObaydallāh Bākūya Šīrāzī, Sufi of the 10th-11th centuries.

  • BĀBĀ ŠAMAL

    L. P. Elwell-Sutton

    a weekly satirical periodical, 1943-45, founded by Reżā Ganjaʾī. It was impartially opposed to all foreign intervention and influence in Iran. It had a wide circulation and dealt with the political issues of the day.

  • BĀBĀ SAMMĀSĪ

    H. Algar

    (d. 1354), Central Asian Sufi of the line known as selsela-ye ḵᵛājagān (line of the masters) which was inaugurated by Ḵᵛāja Abu Yaʿqūb Hamadānī.