Table of Contents

  • HALLOCK, RICHARD TREADWELL

    Charles E. Jones and Matthew W. Stolper

    (1906-1980), Elamitologist and Assyriologist, whose magnum opus, Persepolis Fortification Tablets, transformed the study of the languages and history of Achaemenid Persia.

  • ḤALWĀ

    Etrat Elahi

    (Ar. ḥalwāʾ, Pers. ḥalwā “sweetmeat”), a generic term applied to various kinds of sweet dishes and fruits.

  • HĄM.VAINTĪ

    Bernfried Schlerath

    Zoroastrian divinity “Victory,” only attested as a companion with Āxšti “Peace.”

  • HAMADĀN

    Multiple Authors

    province, governorship, and city located in the Zagros region of western Persia.

  • HAMADĀN i. GEOGRAPHY

    Parviz Aḏkāʾi and EIr

    Hamadān is one of the western provinces of Persia, situated to the southwest of Tehran between latitudes 33°59′ and 35°48′ N and longitudes 47°34′ and 49°36′ E. The city of Hamadān is located at an altitude of 1,645 m on the eastern slope of the Alvand massif. In the National Physical Plan (Ṭarḥ-e kālbodi-e melli), which divides the country into 10 regions, the province is identified as a part of the central Zagros sub-region.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • HAMADĀN ii. POPULATION

    Habibollah Zanjani

    A part of the population of Hamadān consists of migrating tribes. According to the census definition most parts of these tribes are considered as rural population and only a small part as non-sedentary. Nevertheless, census data provide some information concerning their number, tribal name and other social characteristics.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • HAMADĀN iii. HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY

    Xavier de Planhol

    The city of Hamadān lies at the extreme northwest of the series of major urban sites stretching along the line of contact between the Zagros range and the central plateau.

  • HAMADĀN iv. URBAN PLAN

    Abdolhamid Eshragh

    Hamadān is the only city in Persia which has a star-shaped urban design, with six boulevards and a network of avenues autonomously branching out in various directions from the circular city center. 

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • HAMADĀN v - vi. HISTORY, ISLAMIC PERIOD

    Parviz Aḏkāʾi

    At the end of 23/643, Jarir conquered Hamadān and its surroundings again by force, and made peace with the populace on terms similar to those of the Nehāvand settlement.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • HAMADĀN vii. MONUMENTS

    Ali Mousavi and EIr

    The city of Hamadān, besides its pre-Islamic remains, contains some important Islamic monuments. The most significant is the mausoleum called Gonbad-e ʿAlawiān, square and massive, almost entirely of baked brick. Its façade was once covered with opulent stucco decoration.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.