Table of Contents

  • BAGRATIDS

    C. Toumanoff

    The partition of Armenia in 387 into an Iranian and a Roman vassal state, then the annexation of the Western kingdom by the Empire, and finally the abolition of the East Armenian Monarchy in 428 placed these princes in the necessity of choosing between the two rival imperial allegiances.

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  • BAHĀʾ-AL-DAWLA, ABŪ NAṢR FĪRŪZ

    cross-reference

    See BUYIDS.

  • BAHĀʾ-AL-DĪN ʿĀMELĪ

    E. Kohlberg

    , SHAIKH MOḤAMMAD B. ḤOSAYN BAHĀʾĪ, Imami scholar and author, a prolific writer, in Imami circles regarded as one of the leading lights of his age (1547-1621).

  • BAHĀʾ-AL-DĪN BAḠDĀDĪ

    Z. Safa

    , MOḤAMMAD B. MOʾAYYAD, a master of the art of Persian letter-writing (tarassol) (d. after 1289).

  • BAHĀʾ-AL-DĪN ḴARAQĪ

    D. Pingree

    , ABŪ BAKR MOḤAMMAD (d. 1138-39), author of a work was on astronomy, geography, and chronology.

  • BAHĀʾ-AL-DĪN MOḤAMMAD WALAD

    H. Algar

    B. ḤOSAYN B. AḤMAD ḴAṬĪB BALḴĪ (1151-1231), scholar, father of the great Sufi poet Mawlānā Jalāl-al-Dīn Rūmī.

  • BAHĀʾ-AL-DĪN NAQŠBAND

    H. Algar

    , ḴᵛĀJA MOḤAMMAD B. MOḤAMMAD BOḴĀRĪ (1318-91), eponym of the Naqšbandīya, one of the most vigorous and widespread Sufi orders.

  • BAHĀʾ-AL-DĪN SOLṬĀN WALAD

    M. I. Waley

    , MOḤAMMAD (1226-1312), Sufi shaikh and poet, son and eventual successor of Mawlānā Jalāl-al-Dīn Rūmī.

  • BAHĀʾ-ALLĀH

    Juan Cole

    (1817-92), MĪRZĀ ḤOSAYN-ʿALĪ NŪRĪ,  founder of the Bahai religion or Bahaism. 

  • BAHĀDOR

    C. Fleischer

    a Turco-Mongol honorific title, attached to a personal name, signifying “hero, valiant warrior.”