Table of Contents

  • ASII

    F. Thordarson

    (or ASIANI), an ancient nomadic people of Central Asia, who about 130 B.C. put an end to Greek rule in Bactria.

  • ASINAEUS AND ANILAEUS

    M. Smith

    figure in Josephus’ Jewish Antiquities.

  • ASĪR EṢFAHĀNĪ

    K. Amīrī Fīrūzkūhī

    a poet of the 11th/17th century (d. 1049/1639).

  • ĀŠIRVĀD

    M. F. Kanga

    “blessing, benediction,” a set of prayers and admonitions recited by the two officiating Parsi priests in the Zoroastrian marriage ceremony.

  • ʿASJADĪ

    Dj. Khaleghi-Motlagh

     a poet of the first half of the 5th/11th century.

  • ASK SPRINGS

    E. Ehlers

    The Ask springs, like those in other places around the base of Damāvand, are as yet used only by the local inhabitants. It remains to be seen whether they would repay commercial development (in the form of spa baths, bottling plants, etc.).

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  • ĀŠKĀBĀD

    Cross-Reference

    See ASHKHABAD.

  • ĀŠKĀNĪĀN

    Cross-Reference

    See ARSACIDS.

  • ʿASKAR MOKRAM

    C. E. Bosworth

    a town of the medieval Islamic province of Ahvāz (Ḵūzestān) and also the name of the district of which it was the administrative center.

  • ʿASKARĀN

    KAMRAN EKBAL

    village in Qarābāḡ about seven miles northeast of Stepanakert in the eastern Caucasus, where peace negotiations between Russia and Persia took place in 1225/1810.

  • ʿASKARĪ

    H. Halm

    the 11th imam of the Twelver Shiʿites.

  • ʿASKARĪ, ABŪ HELĀL

    W. M. Watt

    philologist and poet born about the middle of the 4th/10th century.

  • ʿAŠKARĪ, ʿALĪ AL-HĀDĪ

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿALĪ AL-HĀDĪ, ABU’L-ḤASAN AL-ʿASKARĪ.

  • ĀŠKAŠ

    Dj. Khaleghi-Motlagh

    an Iranian hero in the reign of Kay Ḵosrow.

  • ĀŠKBŌS

    Dj. Khaleghi-Motlagh

    a Turanian hero from Kašān or Košān in the story of “Kāmūs-e Kašānī,” in the Šāh-nāma.

  • ASLAM, ABU’L-QĀSEM MOḤAMMAD

    Cross-Reference

     See ABU’L-QĀSEM MOḤAMMAD ASLAM.

  • ĀṢLĀNDŪZ

    J. Qāʾem-Maqāmī

    (or AṢLĀNDŪZ), a small village in the northeast of the Iranian province of East Azerbaijan.

  • ĀSMĀN

    A. Tafażżolī

    (sky, heavens), in Zoroastrian cosmology the first part of the material (gētīg) world created by Ohrmazd.

  • ASMĀR AL-ASRĀR

    S. S. K. Hussaini

    (Night-discourses of secrets), theosophical treatise in Persian composed by a 9th/15th century Češtī Sufi of India, Sayyed Moḥammad Ḥosaynī Gīsūdarāz (d. 825/1422), popularly known as Ḵᵛāǰa-ye Bandanavāz.

  • ASMUSSEN, Jes Peter

    Werner Sundermann

    scholar of Iranian studies (1928-2002).