Table of Contents

  • ARSACIDS v. The “Arsacid” era

    EIr

    As an indication of their imperial aspirations, the Parthians established their own dynastic era, beginning with the vernal equinox. The historicity of this era was proved by a Babylonian tablet equating the Seleucid year 208 with 144 of the Arsacid era.

  • ARSACIDS vi. Arsacid chronology in traditional history

    A. Sh. Shahbazi

    The Parthian rule lasted 474 years, longer than any dynastic period in Iranian history, but post-Sasanian sources give various figures for the duration of the Arsacid rule.

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  • ARSACIDS vii. The Arsacid dynasty of Armenia

    C. Toumanoff

    Third dynasty of Armenia, from the first to the mid-fifth century. Arsacid rule brought about an intensification of the political and cultural influence of Iran in Armenia.

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  • ARSACIDS viii. Military Architecture Of Parthia

    Krzysztof Jakubiak

    In the western parts of the Parthian empire, i.e., in the Mesopotamian plain, military and defensive systems and fortifications developed under a clearly strong influence of earlier civilizations that had existed in the region.

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  • ARŠAK

    Cross-Reference

    See ARSACIDS.

  • ARŠĀMA

    E. Bresciani

    name of several Achaemenid notables.

  • ARSAMES

    Cross-Reference

    See ARŠĀMA.

  • ARSANES

    Cross-Reference

    See NARSE.

  • ARSANJĀN

    C. E. Bosworth

    a small town in Fārs on the northeastern fringes of the Zagros mountain massif.  

  • ARSANJĀNĪ, ḤASAN

    F. Azimi

    journalist and politician (1922-69).