Table of Contents

  • ARSLĀN B. ṬOḠREL

    Cross-Reference

    See SALJUQS OF IRAQ.

  • ARSLĀN KHAN MOḤAMMAD

    Cross-Reference

    See ILAK-KHANIDS.

  • ARSLĀNŠĀH

    C. E. Bosworth

    Ghaznavid sultan (r. 509-11/1116-18).

  • ARSLĀNŠĀH B. KERMĀNŠĀH

    Cross-Reference

    See SALJUQS OF KERMĀN.

  • ARSLĀNŠAH B. TOḠRELŠĀH

    Cross-Reference

    See SALJUQS OF KERMĀN.

  • ARŠTĀT

    Cross-Reference

    See AŠTĀD.

  • ART IN IRAN

    Multiple Authors

    The history of art in Iran and Iranian lands.

  • ART IN IRAN i. NEOLITHIC TO MEDIAN

    E. Porada

    An important element of the art of Iran is the presence of composite beings. One type, here called demon, is a combination of man and animal walking on two legs. An example is the demon with the head of a mountain goat or a moufflon.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ART IN IRAN ii. Median Art and Architecture

    P. Calmeyer

    We know that Medes were mentioned in neo Assyrian annals from the year 836 B.C. onwards; as late as in King Esarhaddon’s vassal treaties (672 B.C.) they are represented by petty princes: central kingship had not yet been established, the foundation of which was later ascribed to the legendary judge, Deïokes.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • ART IN IRAN iii. Achaemenid Art and Architecture

    P. Calmeyer

    No work of architecture or art can be attributed with certainty to an Achaemenid earlier than Cyrus the Great. Only a cylinder seal, now lost, but several times used on later bullae at Persepolis, can possibly have belonged to an older member of the family.

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