Table of Contents

  • ARSACIDS

    Multiple Authors

    (Persian Aškānīān), Parthian dynasty which ruled Iran from about 250 B.C. to about 226 A.D. About the end of the fourth or at the latest by the middle of the third century B.C. the Parni had advanced as far as the frontiers of the Seleucid kingdom, whether in the vicinity of the Caspian Sea or on the river Tejen (Turkmenistan).

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  • ARSACIDS viii. MILITARY ARCHITECTURE OF PARTHIA

    Krzysztof Jakubiak

    Two main traditions can be observed in the military architecture of the period. In the western parts of the Parthian Empire, i.e., in the Mesopotamian plain, military and defensive systems and fortifications developed under a clearly strong influence of earlier civilizations that had existed in the region.

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  • ARŠAK

    Cross-Reference

    See ARSACIDS.

  • ARŠĀMA

    E. Bresciani

    name of several Achaemenid notables.

  • ARSAMES

    Cross-Reference

    See ARŠĀMA.

  • ARSANES

    Cross-Reference

    See NARSE.

  • ARSANJĀN

    C. E. Bosworth

    a small town in Fārs on the northeastern fringes of the Zagros mountain massif.  

  • ARSANJĀNĪ, ḤASAN

    F. Azimi

    journalist and politician (1922-69).

  • ARSEN, KOCOYTỊ

    F. Thordarson

    Ossetic author (1872-1944).

  • ARSES

    P. LeCoq

    Greek rendering of an Old Persian name, used as a hypocoristic.