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Shah Esmaʿil's army was comprised of tribal units, the majority of which were Turkmen, the remainder Kurds and Čaḡatāy.
at the end of the 18th century, the military forces of the first Qajar ruler Āḡā Moḥammad Khan (r. 1789-97) resembled those of preceding dynasties.
J. R. Perry
Nāder Shah grew up a raider, made his early reputation as a mercenary, and came to power as commander-in-chief of a fugitive Safavid claimant in Afghan-occupied Iran; by force of arms he drove out the Afghans and intimidated the Ottoman Turks and Russians who had sought to partition Iran.This Article Has Images/Tables.
M. J. Sheikh-ol-Islami
While few foreign officers were employed, many cadets were sent abroad, mainly to French military academies. Consequently, the nascent military institutions were highly influenced by the style and organization which were prevalent in France.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Using Turkish advisers, Amānallāh Khan (r. 1919-29) unsuccessfully tried to create a nationalist-oriented army.
A. Sh. Shahbazi
one of the mythical king Jamšēd’s sisters.
B. W. Robinson
, Sir (1864-1930), British orientalist.
10th Il-khan of Iran (r. 736/1335-36).
medieval city and province in southwestern Iran between Ḵūzestān and Fārs.
C. E. Bosworth
a region of eastern Transcaucasia.