Table of Contents

  • ABU’L-BAQĀʾ

    H. Algar

    author of Jāmeʿ al-maqāmāt on the life of the Naqšbandī saint, Mawlānā Ḵᵛāǰagī Kāsānī (d. 949/1542), written in 1028/1618.

  • ABU’L-BARAKĀT BAḠDĀDĪ

    W. Madelung

    5th-6th/11th-12th century physician and philosopher of Jewish origin, born in Balad, a town on the Tigris above Mosul.

  • ABU’L-BARAKĀT LĀHŪRĪ

    M. U. Memon

    Indo-Persian poet.

  • ABU’L-FARAJ BANNĀʾ

    O. Watson

    a potter known through a single signed piece reputedly found in Sāva.

  • ABU’L-FARAJ ʿEBRĪ

    Cross-Reference

    (b. Malaṭīa, 1225; d. Marāḡa, 1286), Syriac historian and polymath, also known as Bar Hebraeus. See EBN AL-ʿEBRĪ, ABU’L-FARAJ.

  • ABU’L-FARAJ EṢFAHĀNĪ

    K. Abū Deeb

    Author of the Ketāb al-aḡānī.

  • ABU’L-FARAJ RŪNĪ

    M. Siddiqi

    an early Persian poet. Nothing is known about his birth and early life, except that he was born in Rūna, the exact location of which is uncertain.

  • ABU’L-FARAJ SEJZĪ

    M. Dabīrsīāqī

    4th/10th century poet of Sīstān, author of several lost works on the art of poetry.

  • ABU’L-FATḤ EṢFAHĀNĪ

    D. Pingree

    An early 6th/12th century astronomer.

  • ABU’L-FATḤ ḤOSAYNĪ

    E. Glassen

    Shiʿite jurist, d. 976/1568-69.

  • ABU’L-FATḤ KHAN BAḴTĪĀRĪ

    J. R. Perry

    a chieftain of the Haft Lang branch of the Baḵtīārī and paramount chief (īlḵānī) of the tribe.

  • ABU’L-FATḤ KHAN JAVĀNŠĪR

    H. Busse

    son of the ruler of Qarābāḡ, Ebrāhīm Ḵalīl Khan Javānšīr, and through his sister brother-in-law of Fatḥ-ʿAlī Shah. 

  • ABU’L-FATḤ KHAN ZAND

    H. Busse

    eldest son of Karīm Khan (Wakīl) of the Īnāq lineage of the Zand, b. 1169/1755-56.

  • ABU’L-FATḤ MĪRZĀ

    H. Algar

    (d. 1330/1912), Qajar prince who held a number of governorships.

  • ABU’L-FATḤ YŪSOF

    C. E. Bosworth

    Ghaznavid vizier of the early 6th/12th century.

  • ABU’L-FAYŻ KAMĀL-AL-DĪN SERHENDĪ

    J. G. J. ter Harr

    author of Rawżat al-qayyūmīya, a still unpublished taḏkera of the Naqšbandīya-Moǰaddedīya order in India. 

  • ABU’L-FAŻL ABŪ MOḤAMMAD

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿABD-AL-ḤAMĪD B. VĀSEʿ.

  • ABU’L-FAŻL ʿALLĀMĪ

    R. M. Eaton

    historian, officer, chief secretary, and confidant of the Mughal emperor Akbar I.

  • ABU’L-FAŻL GOLPĀYEGĀNĪ

    M. Momen

    prominent Bahaʾi scholar and apologist.

  • ABU’L-FAŻL ḴOTTALĪ

    H. Algar

    (d. 453/1061?), preceptor of Abu’l-Ḥasan ʿAlī Hoǰvīrī (d. 465/1073), the author of the celebrated Persian treatise on Sufism, Kašf al-maḥǰūb.

  • ABU’L-FAŻL MĪKĀL

    S. ʿA. Anwār

    author and poet, d. 436/1045.

  • ABU’L-FAŻL SĀVAJĪ

    P. P. Soucek

    (1248-1312/1832-95), a scholar, calligrapher, poet, and physician active in Qajar court circles.

  • ABU’L-FAŻL ŠĪRĀZĪ

    L. A. Giffen

    vizier in the time of the Buyids, patron of the Shiʿi Arab poet Ebn al-Ḥaǰǰāǰ, born in Shiraz in 303/915, died at Kūfa in 362/973.

  • ABU’L-FAŻL TĀJ-AL-DĪN

    C. E. Bosworth

    amir of the line of later Saffarids, sometimes called the third dynasty of Saffarids and, by a historian like Jūzǰānī, the “Maleks of Nīmrūz and Seǰestān.”

  • ABU’L-FOTŪḤ EṢFAHĀNĪ

    J. A. Wakin

    known also by his laqab Montaǰab-al-dīn (or in some sources Montaḵab-al-dīn), a well-known Shafeʿite scholar and traditionist.

  • ABU’L-FOTŪḤ RĀZĪ

    M. J. McDermott

    Shiʿite commentator on the Koran who lived in the first half of the 6th/12th century.

  • ABU’L-ḠĀZĪ BAHĀDOR KHAN

    B. Spuler

    khan of Ḵīva (r. 1054-74/1644 to 1663-64) and Čaḡatāy historian.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN AHWĀZĪ

    D. Pingree

    astronomer, fl. after ca. 215/830. 

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN EṢFAHĀNĪ

    H. Algar

    (1284-1365/1867-1946), an Iranian moǰtahed who was a leading religious authority in the Shiʿite world for more than thirty years.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN ESFARĀʾĪNĪ

    C. E. Bosworth

    first vizier for the Ghaznavid sultan Maḥmūd (r. 388-421/998-1030). 

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN GOLESTĀNA

    R. D. McChesney

    vizier of Kermānšāhān and chronicler of post-Afsharid Iran.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN HERAVĪ

    D. Pingree

    medieval mathematician.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN JORJĀNĪ

    M. Dabīrsīāqī

    9th-century Shafeʿite jurist, poet, and man of letters.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN ḴARAQĀNĪ

    H. Landolt

    (352-425/963-1033), Sufi shaikh of Ḵaraqān, some 20 km north of Basṭām in Khorasan.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN KHAN ARDALĀN

    Ḥ. Maḥbūbī Ardakānī

    (b. 1279/1862-63), government official under the late Qajars.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN KHAN ḠAFFĀRĪ

    B. W. Robinson

    In 1842 an oil portrait of Moḥammad Shah secured him a position as a court artist. His style by now was formed; in oil painting it was refinement on that of Mehr-ʿAlī; but his miniature paintings and portraits show originality, naturalism, and technical perfection.

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  • ABU’L-ḤASAN KHAN ĪLČĪ

    H. Javadi

    Persian diplomat, b. 1190/1776 in Šīrāz. 

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN KHAN MAḤALLĀTĪ

    H. Busse

    imam of the Nezārī Ismaʿilis of the Qāsemšāhī line, beglerbegi of Kermān under Karīm Khan Zand and his successors from approximately 1181/1768 to 1206/1791-92.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN KHAN MOJTAHED

    H. Algar

    (1806-63), member of a prominent family of Shiraz who led a turbulent life alternating between government service and the cultivation of religious knowledge in a manner unusual in Qajar Iran.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN MOSTAWFĪ

    F. Gaffary

    painter and historian of the 12th/18th century from Kāšān, son of Mīrzā Moʿezz-al-dīn Moḥammad Ḡaffārī.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN NĀDER-AL-ZAMĀN

    D. Duda

    ABU’L-HASAN NADER-AL-ZAMAN was held in great esteem by Jahāngīr, who had him trained to be a court painter like his father and gave him the honorary title Nāder-al-zamān (Wonder of the Age). By their use of color and line, father and son together noticeably strengthened the Persian elements in the Mughal painting of the period.

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  • ABU’L-ḤASAN ŠAMSĀBĀDĪ

    H. Algar

    (1326-96/1908-76), an influential moǰtahed of Isfahan who was murdered on 7 April 1976 under mysterious circumstances.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN TAFREŠĪ

    L. Richter-Bernburg

    (1261-1323/1845 to 1905-06), medical instructor, author, and public health official in late Qajar Persia.

  • ABU’L-ḤASAN ṬĀLAQĀNĪ

    H. Algar

    (?-1350/1932), religious scholar and father of the celebrated Āyatallāh Maḥmūd Ṭālaqānī.

  • ABU’L-HAYJĀ NAJMĪ

    Ḏ. Ṣafā

    Persian poet of the 5th-6th/11th-12th centuries.

  • ABU’L-HAYṮAM GORGĀNĪ

    H. Corbin

    Ismaʿili philosopher, for a long time one of the great unknown figures in the history of Irano-Islamic philosophy.

  • ABU’L-HOḎAYL AL-ʿALLĀF

    J. van Ess

    (ca. 135-227/752-841?), early Muʿtazilite theologian of universal reputation.

  • ABU’L-ḤOSAYN BAṢRĪ

    D. Gimaret

    Muʿtazilite theologian and lawyer, d. 436/1044. 

  • ABU’L-ḤOSAYN KĀTEB

    C. E. Bosworth

    official of the Buyids and writer in Arabic of the 4th/10th century. 

  • ABU’L-JĀRŪD HAMDĀNĪ

    W. Madelung

    Kufan Shiʿite scholar and leader of the early Zaydite group named after him, the Jārūdīya.