Table of Contents

  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ

    D. Duda

    Jahāngīr writes that sixteen miniatures are by Behzād, five by his teacher Mīrak, and one by ʿAbd-al-Razzāq. Earlier investigators did not succeed in establishing convincing attributions of the miniatures to these artists, as they were also puzzled by numerous apocryphal signatures and false identifications attached to the paintings.

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  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ AWRANGĀBĀDĪ

    Hameed ud-Din

    Mughal official and biographer, chiefly famous as the author of Maʾāṯer al-omarāʾ (18th century).

  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ b. AḤMAD b. ḤASAN MEYMANDI

    C. E. Bosworth

    vizier to the Ghaznavid sultans Mawdud b. Masʿud and ʿAbd-al-Rašid b. Maḥmud, remaining in official service under the latter’s successor Farroḵzād b. Masʿud.

  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ BĀŠTĪNĪ

    J. Aubin

    First leader of the Sarbadār uprising of Bayhaq (14th-century). His career, like the entire history of the Sarbadārs, is related in a contradictory fashion by the Timurid period chroniclers. With appropriate details, he is pictured as violent and dissolute.

  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ BEG

    J. R. Perry

    (1176-1243/1762-63 to 1827-28), literary biographer, poet, and historian of the early Qajar period.

  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ LĀHĪJĪ

    W. Madelung

    Theologian and philosopher (and poet under the pen name FAYYĀŻ, 11th/17th century).

  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ MAYMANDĪ

    C. E. Bosworth

    Ghaznavid vizier of the middle years of the 5th/11th century.

  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ NAYSABŪRĪ

    E. Baer

    Metalworker of the second half of the 6th/12th century.

  • ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ SAMARQANDĪ

    C. P. Haase

    Historian and scholar (1413-82).

  • ʿABD-AL-REŻĀ KHAN

    M. Bayat

    (d. 1249/1833), deputy-governor and powerful noble of Yazd.

  • ʿABD-AL-REŻĀ KHAN EBRĀHĪMĪ

    D. MacEoin

    fifth head of the Kermānī branch of the Šayḵī school of Shiʿism.

  • ʿABD-AL-ṢAMAD B. AFŻAL MOḤAMMAD

    M. Baqir

    Mughal editor and author (17th century)

  • ʿABD-AL-ṢAMAD ḤAMADĀNĪ

    M. Bayat

    Faqīh, author, and well-known Sufi master of the Neʿmatallāhī order (d. 1216/1801).

  • ʿABD-AL-ṢAMAD KHAN

    S. Maqbul Ahmad

    North Indian politician, administrator, and patron of the arts (17th-18th century).

  • ʿABD-AL-ṢAMAD ŠĪRĀZĪ

    P. P. Soucek

    A painting recently in the art market bears an inscription stating it was painted by ʿAbd-al-Ṣamad during his 85th year, despite failing health, as a keepsake for his son (Moḥammad) Šarīf. Still active in 1008/1600, he appears to have died before the accession of Jahāngīr in 1014/1605.

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  • ʿABD-AL-SATTĀR LAHŪRĪ

    A. Camps

    author and translator in the reigns of Akbar and Jahāngīr.

  • ʿABD-AL-VĀḤED (Potter)

    O. Watson

    A potter whose signature is found on a blue and black underglaze painted dish dated 971/1563.

  • ʿABD-AL-VĀḤED (Author)

    D. Pingree

    8th/14th century author.

  • ʿABD-AL-VĀḤED B. ZAYD

    P. Nwyia

    (d. 177/793), Sufi, the leading personality among the ascetics trained in the school of Ḥasan Baṣrī.

  • ʿABD-AL-VĀḤED HAMADĀNĪ

    T. Yazici

    Son of a Naqšbandī shaikh, author (d. 1547).

  • ʿABD-AL-VĀḤED JŪZJĀNĪ

    D. Pingree

    Pupil of Ebn Sīnā (980-1037).

  • ʿABD-AL-VĀḤED MAŠHADĪ

    F. Cağman and P. P. Soucek

    The style of nastaʿlīq favored by ʿAbd-al-Vāḥed is closely connected with that used by Solṭān-ʿAlī Mašhadī and other calligraphers active in Iran during the 9th/15th century, a fact that suggests that he was indeed trained in Iran.

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  • ʿABD-AL-VAHHĀB BOHRĀ

    P. Saran

    chief judge (qāżī) in the reign of the Mughal emperor Awrangzēb.

  • ʿABD-AL-VAHHĀB MAŠHADĪ

    P. P. Soucek

    a calligrapher of the 10th/16th century who lived most of his life in Mašhad.

  • ʿABD-AL-VAHHĀB MOʿTAMAD-AL-DAWLA

    H. Javadi

    “NAŠĀṬ,” Qajar official and poet (1759-1829).

  • ʿABD-AL-VAHHĀB SAČAL

    A. Schimmel

    Sindhi mystical poet (18th-early 19th century).

  • ʿABD-AL-VĀSEʿ JABALĪ

    Ẕ. Ṣafā

    Persian poet, d. 555/1160.

  • ABDADĀNA

    M. Dandamayev

    Region in western Media, mentioned in Neo-Assyrian royal inscriptions and annals.

  • ABDAGASES

    C. J. Brunner

    “great king” of the Pahlava dynasty in Drangiana, Arachosia, Gandhāra, and perhaps loosely over the Indus region.

  • ʿABDAK AL-ṢŪFĪ

    B. Reinert

    an eccentric religious devotee of Kūfa, who also lived for periods at Baghdad, late 2nd/8th to early 3rd/9th centuries.

  • ABDĀL

    J. Chabbi

    An Arabic technical term designating one of the categories of awlīāʾ (“friends of God,” Muslim saints).

  • ABDĀL BEG

    E. Glassen

    one of the seven trusted Qezelbāš amirs (ahl-e eḵteṣāṣ) who, after the death of Solṭān ʿAlī (898/1493), accompanied the latter’s young brother and designated master of the Safavid order, Esmāʿīl, to Lāhīǰān, where he found refuge from the persecution of the Āq Qoyonlū rulers.

  • ABDĀL ČEŠTĪ

    M. Imam

    described by Jāmī as the foremost among the shaikhs of Češt. He was born in 260/874.

  • ABDĀL, QARA ŠEMSĪ

    T. Yazici

    (1244-1303/1828-86), a Turkish poet who also wrote poetry in Persian.

  • ABDĀLĪ

    C. M. Kieffer

    ancient name of a large tribe, or more particularly of a group of Afghan tribes, better known by the name of Dorrānī since the reign of Aḥmad Šāh Dorrānī (1747-72). 

  • ʿABDALLĀH

    L. Mackie

    Name appearing on four diverse, high-quality silks of the first half of the 17th century.

  • ʿABDALLĀH (2)

    I. H. Siddiqi

    Author of Tārīḵ-e Dāʾūdī, fl. early 17th century.

  • ʿABDALLĀH ANṢĀRĪ

    S. de Laugier de Beaureceuil

    Outstanding commentator of the Koran, traditionist, polemicist, and spiritual master (5th/11th century).

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. AḤMAD

    Cross-Reference

    See EBN AL-BAYṬĀR.

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. ʿĀMER

    J. Lassner

    Arab general and governor active in Iran, b. in Mecca in 4/626.

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. EBRĀHĪM

    C. P. Haase

    Timurid khan (k. 1451).

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. ʿĪSĀ

    L. Richter-Bernburg

    Medical author (early 5th/11th century).

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. ḴĀZEM

    D. M. Dunlop

    Arab military leader, governor of Khorasan (d. 691-92).

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. MAYMŪN AL-QADDĀḤ

    H. Halm

    Legendary founder of the Qarmatian-Ismaʿili doctrine and alleged forefather of the Fatimid dynasty.

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. MOʿĀVĪA

    D. M. Dunlop

    Rebel in western Iran in 744-47.

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. MOBĀRAK

    P. Nwyia

    Traditionist (736-97).

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. NAJĀŠĪ

    ʿA. N. Monzavī

    Shiʿite governor of Ahvāz under the caliph Manṣūr (8th century).

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. ʿOMAR

    ʿA. Ḥabībī

    Author of an Arabic monograph on the city of Balḵ (d. after 610/1213).

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. ŠĀKER

    D. Pingree

    Expert in geometry (d. 1174-75).

  • ʿABDALLĀH B. ṬĀHER

    C. E. Bosworth

    Governor of Khorasan (9th century).