ʿABD-AL-ṢAMAD B. AFŻAL MOḤAMMAD B. YŪSOF ANṢĀRĪ, Mughal editor and author. He was a nephew of Akbar’s prime minister, Shaikh Abu’l-Fażl ʿAllāmī. Soon after his uncle’s assassination in 1602, ʿAbd-al-Ṣamad began to collect his official letters. He completed this collection in 1015/1606-07 under the title Mokātabāt-e ʿAllāmī. Storey (I, p. 542) lists the contents of its four daftars: (1) letters in Akbar’s name to kings and amirs; (2) letters in his own name to kings and amirs; (3) opening and closing sections of letters, extracts, and miscellaneous pieces; (4) miscellaneous letters.

ʿAbd-al-Ṣamad also authored a taḏkera, Aḵbār al-asfīāʾ, containing brief biographical notices of the major Sufi saints of India (1014/1605-06). These are principally drawn from Aḵbār al-aḵyār of ʿAbd-al-Ḥaqq Dehlavī, though ʿAbd-al-Ṣamad does add some new information and even a few new entries. Also attributed to ʿAbd-al-Ṣamad is Anīs al-ḡorabāʾ, “a Sufi tract, completed probably in 1048/1638” (Marshall, Mughals in India, p. 25).



Storey, I, pp. 541-43, 983, 1313-14.

Ethé, Cat. India. Off. I, pp. 108, 266.

Mawlavī ʿAbd-al-Raḥīm, Lobāb al-maʿāref al-ʿelmīya fī mokātabāt dār al-ʿolūm al-eslāmīya, Agra, 1918, p. 1057.

Ḵayyāmpūr, Soḵanvarān, p. 377.

M. M. H. Ṣabā, Rūz-e rowšan, Tehran, 1343 Š./1966, p. 525.


Search terms:

عبدالصمد بن افضل محمد  abd al samad ebn afzal mohammad abdol samad ebn afzal mohammad abdolsamad ibn afzal mohammad
abdoulsamad ebn afzal mohammad abdulsamad ebn afzal mohammad     


(M. Baqir)

Originally Published: December 15, 1982

Last Updated: July 14, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 2, pp. 160-161

Cite this entry:

M. Baqir, “'Abd-Al-Samad B. Afzal Mohammad,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/2, pp. 160-161; an updated version is available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/abd-al-samad-b-afzal-mohammad (accessed on 16 January 2014).