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Mansur Qorbani and Anoshirvan Kani
The ancient and pre-modern period is evidenced by abandoned mines: (1) of metallic ores: iron, copper, gold, lead, zinc, and silver; (2) of china clay and other materials; (3) of precious and semi-precious stones.This Article Has Images/Tables.
Commercial exploitation of the known resources, which are mainly located in inaccessible locations, was discouraged by the lack of cost-effective infrastructure.
C. E. Bosworth
(1877-1966), outstanding Russian scholar of Persian history, historical geography, literature and culture.
(1903-1977), an Iranian teacher, editor, translator, and literary scholar.This Article Has Images/Tables.
in pre-Islamic culture. See GOSĀN.
a strongly scented herb of genus Mentha of flowering plants in the Labiatae family, with many medicinal properties.
Sajjad H. Rizvi
, Sayyed Amir Abu’l-Qāsem b. Mirzā Beg b. Ṣadr-al-Din Moḥammad Ḥosayni Astarābādi, renowned philosopher and mystic during the Safavid revitalization of philosophy (b. 1562-63, d. 1640).
The carnivalesque ritual of electing a commoner to rule for a period of one to five days over the country; The custom of the “false emir” or “Nowruz ruler” leading a procession through the city has been traced back to pre-Islamic Nowruz, the traditional Persian New Year.This Article Has Images/Tables.
in ancient Iran and Islam.
The written accounts of miracles in ancient Iran, both those relating to Zoroaster and his family and those regarding the legendary heroes of the Kayanid dynasty, have come down to us through the Pahlavi religious literature. These miracles do not reflect historical events; they are always associated with the mythical and legendary history of Mazdaism and the ancient Iranian epic.