Table of Contents

  • MINING IN IRAN i. MINES AND MINERAL RESOURCES

    Mansur Qorbani and Anoshirvan Kani

    The ancient and pre-modern period is evidenced by abandoned mines: (1) of metallic ores: iron, copper, gold, lead, zinc, and silver; (2) of china clay and other materials; (3) of precious and semi-precious stones.

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  • MINING IN IRAN ii. MINERAL INDUSTRIES

    Willem Floor

    Commercial exploitation of the known resources, which are mainly located in inaccessible locations, was discouraged by the lack of cost-effective infrastructure.

  • MINORSKY, Vladimir Fed’orovich

    C. E. Bosworth

    (1877-1966), outstanding Russian scholar of Persian history, historical geography, literature and culture.

  • MINOVI, MOJTABA

    Mahmoud Omidsalar

    (1903-1977), an Iranian teacher, editor, translator, and literary scholar.

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  • MINSTREL

    Cross-Reference

    in pre-Islamic culture. See  GOSĀN.

  • MINT

    Shamameh Mohammadifar

    a strongly scented herb of genus Mentha of flowering plants in the Labiatae family, with many medicinal properties.

  • MIR FENDERESKI

    Sajjad H. Rizvi

    , Sayyed Amir Abu’l-Qāsem b. Mirzā Beg b. Ṣadr-al-Din Moḥammad Ḥosayni Astarābādi, renowned philosopher and mystic during the Safavid revitalization of philosophy (b. 1562-63,  d. 1640).

  • MIR-E NOWRUZI

    Michèle Epinette

    The carnivalesque ritual of electing a commoner to rule for a period of one to five days over the country; The custom of the “false emir” or “Nowruz ruler” leading a procession through the city has been traced back to pre-Islamic Nowruz, the traditional Persian New Year.

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  • MIRACLES

    Multiple Authors

    in ancient Iran and Islam.

  • MIRACLES i. In Ancient Iranian Tradition

    Philippe Gignoux

    The written accounts of miracles in ancient Iran, both those relating to Zoroaster and his family and those regarding the legendary heroes of the Kayanid dynasty, have come down to us through the Pahlavi religious literature. These miracles do not reflect historical events; they are always associated with the mythical and legendary history of Mazdaism and the ancient Iranian epic.