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    a prayer genre which is often associated with the mystical verses of the Persian poet ʿAbdallāh Anṣāri (d. 1089) compiled in his famous Monājāt-nāma.

  • MONĀJĀT i. In Zoroastrianism

    Beate Schmermbeck

    The Arabic word monājāt is often translated as “intimate conversation” referring to a Qurʾanic verse (19:52) in which the verb nājā describes Moses talking confidentially with God at the Sinai.



    18th-century historian of Kashmir. See ABU’L-QĀSEM MOḤAMMAD ASLAM.


    Peter Jackson

    an Altaic people who conquered an empire that embraced China, Central Asia, the south Russian steppe, Iran, Afghanistan and Iraq.

  • MONGOLS ii. Mongolian Loanwords in Persian

    Michael Knüppel

    early Turkic and Mongolian have many common features that were occasionally interpreted as indications to a genetic relationship between the two language families.


    Ehsan Shavarebi

    a Persian-language poet of the late 10th century.



    See BŪZĪNA.

  • MOOREY, Peter Roger Stuart

    John Curtis

    Moorey sat on various administrative bodies and received many distinctions. He was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1967. Reflecting his involvement with Iranian studies and related fields, he was a member of the Governing Council of the British Institute of Persian Studies and a Trustee of the Lukonin Memorial Fund.

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    Patricia Crone

    (lit. “the veiled one,” d. 163/780 or later), leader of a rebellious movement in Sogdiana.


    Morteza Hosayni Dehkordi and Parvin Loloi

    (Dawn bird), a taṣnif (song) in māhur mode,  probably written for its music around 1921, when the first signs of dictatorship were appearing.