Table of Contents

  • LURISTAN iv. The Origin of Nomadism

    Inge Demant Mortensen and Peder Mortensen

    The large valleys and plains of Luristan are exceedingly fertile.  They have often been described as suited for agriculture as well as for pastoral nomadism, which seems to have been the prevailing lifestyle for hundreds of years.

  • LURISTAN v. Religion, Rituals, and Popular Beliefs

    Inge Demant Mortensen

    The Lur society has been living within the framework of Islam, but in areas where people did not speak or understand Arabic, or were mostly illiterate, as among the nomads of Luristan, the declaration of faith and especially performance of different prayers, were bound to take on a much more ritualistic value.

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    Bruno Overlaet

    The label “Luristan bronzes”  designates a series of decorated bronze objects in a specific local style dating from the Iron Age (ca. 1300/1250 to 700/650 BCE). These bronzes became known through large-scale illegal excavations starting in the late 1920s, but their cultural context and provenance remained uncertain for a long time and the label is often wrongfully used—usually for commercial reasons—for bronze objects from other regions or periods.

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    Bruno Overlaet

    The first documented Luristan bronze acquired by a European museum, “a master of animals idol,” was purchased in 1854 by the British Museum. The first publication about a Luristan bronze in a scholarly journal (1918) attributed a Luristan horse bit with decorated cheek pieces to Armenia.

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  • LUSCHEY, Heinz

    Wolfram Kleiss

    After his military service during the Second World War, Luschey worked as an assistant at the Archaeological Seminar of the University of Tübingen. In 1956 he became assistant director of the Istanbul branch of the German Archaeological Institute.

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  • LUT


    Persian word meaning “desert.” See DESERT.

  • LUṬI

    Willem Floor

    A Persian term with a variety of meanings, with both positive and negative connotations.


    Ernst Badian

    (ca. 454-395 BCE), Spartan commander and politician.



    list of all the figure and plate images in the letter L entries.