Table of Contents


    Mahmoud Omidsalar and Teresa P. Omidsalar, Daniel T. Potts

    i. In Persian tradition and folk belief. ii. Domestication in Iran.

  • DONKEY i. In Persian tradition and folk belief

    Mahmoud Omidsalar and Teresa P. Omidsalar

    domesticated species descended from the wild ass, probably first bred in captivity in Egypt and western Asia, where by 2500 B.C.E. the domesticated donkey was in use as a beast of burden.

  • DONKEY ii. Domestication in Iran

    Daniel T. Potts

    Potentially contemporary with or even earlier than the earliest evidence of donkey domestication in Egypt, the Tol-e Nurābād sherd raises many questions about the locus of donkey domestication in the Old World, particularly since the Zagros highlands, where it was discovered, have been considered well to the east of the original range of Equid africanus.

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    Nassereddin Parvin

    lit., “The world”; name of several Persian journals and newspapers.


    Nassereddin Parvin

    lit. "Today’s world"; name of a weekly magazine published in Tehran and two weekly newspapers founded in Qazvīn and Isfahan, respectively.


    Sheila Blair, Mortażā Momayyez

    in Persian architecture major foci of decoration, varying in size and elaboration with the function and importance of the building and the location of the entrance in relation to the total composition.

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  • DŌRĪ

    Daniel Balland

    river in southern Afghanistan, the main tributary of the Arḡandā.


    N. L. Luzhetskaya

    (1805-1881), pioneer in many areas of Iranian studies in Russia. He was particularly interested in the Pashtuns and published annotated editions and translations of texts on tribal history. Dorn never visited Afghanistan, but he nevertheless established the scientific basis for Afghan studies, particularly the first systematic description of Pashto.

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    See CRANE.

  • DORR


    See PEARL i. Pre-Islamic Period and PEARL ii. Islamic Period.