M~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

list of all the figure and plate images in the letter M entries.

 

M ENTRIES: CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

 

online entry

caption text

MACKENZIE, DAVID NEIL

Figure 1. Photograph of David Neil Mackenzie.

MAḤALLĀTI, MOḤAMMAD

Figure 1. Undated cenotaph in Emāmzāda Ḥabib b. Musā in Kāšān; inscription on the sides starts with “Āyat al-korsi” verse (Qurʾān 2.256). Photograph courtesy of the author.

MAḤALLĀTI, MOḤAMMAD

Figure 2. Undated cenotaph in Emāmzāda Ḥabib b. Musā in Kāšān; inscription on the sides contiunues “Āyat al-korsi” verse (Qurʾān 2.256) and ends with name of the calligrapher, Moḥammad Maḥallāti. Photograph courtesy of the author.

MAḤALLĀTI, MOḤAMMAD

Figure 3. Undated cenotaph in Emāmzāda Ḥabib b. Musā in Kāšān; the name of the stonemason, Mobārakšāh, appears at the end of the cenotaph. Photograph courtesy of the author.

MAḤALLĀTI, MOḤAMMAD

Figure 4. Door of the Boqʿa-e Šāhzāda Qāsem in Fin-e Bozorg, dated 884/1479-80; below the upper horizontal panels on either side is an inscription in ṯulṯ, of which the one on the right contains the name of the donor, Moḥammad son of ʿAli surnamed Bahādor. Photograph courtesy of the author.

MAḤALLĀTI, MOḤAMMAD

Figure 5. Door of the Boqʿa-e Šāhzāda Qāsem in Fin-e Bozorg, dated 884/1479-80; at the end of the inscription on the left is another small inscription shaped like a round seal, ascriping the work to Moḥammad al-Maḥallāti. Photograph courtesy of the author.

MAḤALLĀTI, MOḤAMMAD

Figure 6. Stone plaque in the shrine of Emāmzāda Solṭān-ʿAli b. Imam Moḥammad al-Bāqer, dated 893/1488, in Ardehāl, at about 49 km west of Kāšān;over the entrance door to the courtyard of the shrine is a stone plaque consisting of seven sections. Photograph courtesy of the author.

MAHDAVI, YAHYA

Figure 1. Photograph of Yaḥyā Mahdavi (courtesy of tebyan.net, http://english.tebyan.net/newindex.aspx?pid=156253).

MAHJUB, MOHAMMAD JAʿFAR

Figure 1. Photograph of Moḥammad Ja”far Maḥjub.

MAHJUB, MOHAMMAD JAʿFAR

Figure 2. Book cover, Divān-e Iraj Mirza.

MAHJUB, MOHAMMAD JAʿFAR

Figure 3. Book cover, Kolliyāt-e “Obayd Zākāni.

MAHJUB, MOHAMMAD JAʿFAR

Figure 4. Book cover, Kākestar-e hasti.

MAJD-AL-ESLĀM KERMĀNI

Figure 1. Photograph of Majd-al-Eslām Kermāni.

MAJD-AL-ESLĀM KERMĀNI

Figure 2. Modern organizations like Public companies and National Bank: The cartoon represents the people hesitant to trust modern economic organizations (Kaškul, no. 1, 30 March 1907, pp. 2-3).

MAJD-AL-ESLĀM KERMĀNI

Figure 3. The Constitutional Monarchy: To maintain the Constitutional Monarchy as an ideal political system, the king and people are considered as two sides of the same scale whose balance is dependent on the king’s and the people’s commitment to their identified duties (Kaškul, no.9, 8 June 1907, p. 4).

MAJD-AL-ESLĀM KERMĀNI

Figure 4. Abolition of fief (Tiyoul): In this cartoon while assaulting the fief holders, people thank the King and Majlis representatives for abolition of this unfair system (Kaškul, no. 8, 4 June 1907, p. 4).

MAJD-AL-MOLK II

Figure 1. Majd-al-Molk II, Mirzā Taqi Khan Monši-e Hożur.

MALABĀRI, BEHRĀMJI  MERWĀNJI

Figure 1. Behrāmji Merwānji Malabāri.

MALIĀN

Figure 1. The archeological site of Maliān. (Map prepared by the Fars Archeology Project)

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 1. Long-eared hedgehog, Hemiechinus auretus auritus. (Photograph © Shahab Cheraghi).

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 2. Hotson’s five-toed jerboa, Allactaga hotsoni. (Photograph © Shahab Cheraghi).

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 3. Asiatic Jackal, Canis aureus. (Photograph © Fariborz Heidari).

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 4. Young Asiatic black bear, Ursus thibetanus gedrosianus. (Photograph © Fariborz Heidari).

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 5. Small Indian mongoose, Viverricula indica. (Photograph © Fariborz Heidari).

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 6. Asiatic cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus venaticus with European Hare. (Photograph © Fariborz Heidari).

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 7. Wild boar, Sus scrofa. (Photograph © Fariborx Heidari).

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 8. Jabeer, Gazella bennettii, Qeshm Island. (Photograph © Shahab Cheraghi).

MAMMALS i. Mammals of Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia

Figure 9. Markhor, Capra falconeri. (Photograph © Fariborz Heidari).

MANI

Figure 1. Image of Mani as the Buddha of Light (see Manicheism v. In China).

MANICHEAN ART

Figure 1. Intaglio of the profile busts of three Elects and an insciription: “Mani, the Apostle of Jesus Christ” (D: 2.9 cm, H: 1.0 cm).  Manichean Rock-Crystal Seal; BibliothËque nationale de France (Paris), INT 1384BIS.

MANICHEAN ART

Figure 2. Pictorial insert of a scroll shown from picture-viewing direction (H: ca. 26 cm). Detail of a Turfan Manichean Illuminated Scroll; Turfan Antiquarian Bureau (Turfan, China), 81 TB 65:01.

MANICHEAN ART

Figure 3. Bema Scene, full-page book painting shown from picture-viewing direction (H: 12.4 cm, W: 25.2 cm). Fragment of a Turfan Manichean Illuminated Codex; SMPK, Museum für Indische Kunst (Berlin), MIK III 4979 verso.

MANICHEAN ART

Figure 4. Members of the Manichean Church, photograph of a now-lost original (H: 88 cm, W: 168.5 cm). Fragment of a Turfan Manichean Wall Painting; SMPK, Museum für Indische Kunst (Berlin), MIK III 6918.

MANICHEAN ART

Figure 5. Inner side of bifolio with intracolumnar book painting (H: 18.8 cm, W: 29.2 cm). Fragment of a Turfan Manichean Illuminated Codex; SMPK, Museum für Indische Kunst (Berlin), MIK III 8259 verso.

MANICHEAN ART

Figure 6. Fragment of a Turfan Manichean Illuminated Codex; SMPK, Museum für Indische Kunst (Berlin), MIK III 4974 recto. 6a. Recto of folio with intracolumnar book painting (H: 13.4 cm, W: 7.8 cm). 6b. Restored layout of recto. 6c. Restored layout of verso.

MANICHEAN ART

Figure 7. Remnants of a Turfan Manichean Illuminated Silk Codex; SMPK, Museum für Indische Kunst (Berlin), MIK III 4981a&f. 7a. Fragment of recto with text and illuminated upper and outer margins; MIK III 4981a (H: 7.4 cm, W: 6.0 cm). 7b. Fragment of recto with text and illuminated upper margin; MIK III 4981f, detail (W: 6.2 cm).

MANICHEAN ART

Figure 8. Deities of Earth and Moon Scene (H: 10.4 cm, W: 20.3 cm). Fragment of a Turfan Manichean Textile Display; SMPK, Museum für Indische Kunst (Berlin), MIK III 6278.

MANICHEAN SCRIPT

Plate 1. Example of a manuscript page, M172. (Copyright, Museum für Indische Kunst, Berlin)

MANICHEISM v. In China

Figure 1. Statue of Mani as the Buddha of Light.

MARICQ, ANDRÉ

Figure 1. Photograph of André Maricq.

MARKWART, JOSEF

Figure 1. Photograph of Josef Markwart, during his residence in Leiden, 1900-1912. (File made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication).

MARKWART, JOSEF

Figure 2. Josef Markwart (Frontispiece, Das erste Kapitel der Gāþā uštavatī (Jasna 43), Rome, 1930).

MĀRLIK

Figure 1. Satellite image of the southwestern Caspian Basin showing the location of Mārlik and some other sites mentioned in the text.

MĀRLIK

Figure 2. General view of the Mārlik mound and surrounding gardens and rice paddies. After Negahbān, 1996, color pl. IIa.

MĀRLIK

Figure 3. Distribution of Mārlik tombs. After Negahbān, 1996, Map 5.

MĀRLIK

Figure 4. “Ezzat-Allāh Negahbān and a sample of Mārlik finds. After Negahbān, 1996, color pl. XIb.

MĀRLIK

Figure 5. A close up view of the slab in Tomb 52 with fragments of the skeleton and some of the grave goods. After Negahbān, 1996, color pl. Xb

MĀRLIK

Figure 6a. A gold human “bust,”  presumably a pommel for some sort of a staff or a scepter. After Negahbān, 1996, color pl. XXIIe (6a).

MĀRLIK

Figure 6b. A gold feline head, presumably a pommel for some sort of a staff or a scepter. After Negahbān, 1996, color pl. XXIIe (6b).

MĀRLIK

Figure 7. Excavations at Pila Qalʿa in progress. After Negahbān, 1996, color pl. IXa.

MARR, NIKOLAĭ YAKOVLEVICH

Figure 1. Photograph of Nikolaĭ Yakovlevich Marr.

MARTYRS, CHRISTIAN

Figure 1. S. E. Assemani, Acta sanctorum martyrum Orientalium et Occidentalium, 2 vols., Rome, 1748.

MARZBĀN-NĀMA

Figure 1. Title page of Varāvini, Marzbān-nāma, ed. Qazvini, 1909.

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 1. Mašreq al-Aḏkār in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 2. Mašreq al-Aḏkār in Wilmette, near Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 3. Mašreq al-Aḏkār in Kampala, Uganda.

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 4. Mašreq al-Aḏkār near Sydney, Australia.

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 5. Mašreq al-Aḏkār in Langenhain, near Frankfurt, Germany.

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 6. Mašreq al-Aḏkār in Panama City, Panama.

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 7. Mašreq al-Aḏkār near Apia, Samoa.

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 8. Mašreq al-Aḏkār in New Delhi, India.

MAŠREQ AL-AḎKĀR

Figure 9. A model of the Mašreq al-Aḏkār for Santiago, Chile, as it will appear at night.

MATHESON, SYLVIA ANNE

Figure 1. Photograph of  Sylvia Anne Matheson.

MAWLAWI, “ABD-AL-RAḤIM MA”DUMI

Figure 1. Portrait of Mawlawi.

MAZAEUS

Figure 1. Silver stater of Mazaeus in Cilcia. Obverse: enthroned god of Tarsus; inscription: bʿltrs "Baaltars." Reverse: lion and stag; inscription: mzdy "Mazaeus." (B. V. Head, Historia Numorum. A Manual of Greek Numismatics, Oxford, 1887, p. 615, fig. 326).

MEHRAJĀN

Table 1. Day names in the irrigation calendar of Mehrajān (for: mehrajan-oasis-tab1.jpg).

MEHRAJĀN

Figure 1. Looking north to an abandoned quarter of Mehrajan, with Mt. Ṭaštāb in background. (Photograph taken by H. Borjian in November 2014).

MEIER, FRITZ

Figure 1.  Photograph of Fritz Meier

MEILLET, (PAUL JULES) ANTOINE

Figure 1. (Paul Jules) Antoine Meillet.

MENASCE, JEAN PIERRE DE

Figure 1. Front cover of Jean Pierre de Menasce, Le troisième livre du Dēnkart, Paris, 1973.

ME”RĀJ ii. Illustrations

Figure 1. The Prophet encounters the rooster angel in the first heaven, anonymous, Me”rāj-nāma, Tabriz, ca. 1317-35, TSK H. 2154, folio 61v.

ME”RĀJ ii. Illustrations

Figure 2. Moses intercedes on Muhammadís behalf to lower the daily prayers from fifty to five, al-Ḍarir, Siyar-e Nabi, Istanbul, 1595-96, MIK I.26/78.

ME”RĀJ ii. Illustrations

Figure 3. The Prophet ascends and meets a lion angel (Imam ʿAli), Neẓāmi, Leyli o Majnun, probably Shiraz, ca. 1550-1600, TSK R. 881, folio 48r.

ME”RĀJ ii. Illustrations

Figure 4. Erol Akyavaş, MiraÁname, Paris, 1984-87, from Şerifoğlu and Şanlıer, pl. VIII.

METALWORK

Figure 1. Ewer with a feline-shaped handle, Iran, late 7th century; bronze, cast, chased, and inlaid with copper. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fletcher Fund, 1947 (47.100.90).

METALWORK

Figure 2. Candlestick, Iran, Fars, ca. 1343-53; signed Sa‘ʿd b. ʿAbd-Allāh; brass, raised from sheet, inlaid with silver and gold. Museum of Islamic Art, Doha, MW.122.1999.

METALWORK

Figure 3. Ewer, Khorasan, probably Herat, dated 871/1466; signed Ḥosayn Šams-al-Din Šehāb-al-Din Birjandi; brass, cast, inlaid with silver and gold. Turkish and Islamic Museum, Istanbul, 2/2150.

METALWORK

Figure 4. Lampstand, Iran, second half the 16th century; brass, cast. Museum of Islamic Art, Doha, MW.21.1997.

MICHAEL THE SYRIAN

Figure 1. J.-B. Chabot, Chronique de Michel le Syrien, patriarche jacobite d’Antioche 1166-119, vol. I, Paris, 1899.

MINARET

Figure 1. Minaret shapes from the Iranian cultural realm.

MINARET

Figure 2. Minaret shapes from the Iranian cultural realm.

MINARET

Figure 3. 1) Sāva, minaret of the Friday mosque, 1010; 2) Sangbast, minaret, 12th century; 3) Ḵosrowgerd, minaret, 1111; 4) Dāmḡān, Tāriḵ Ḵāna, minaret, 1029.

MINING IN IRAN i. Mines and Mineral Resources

Figure 1. Distribution of Mineral Resources in Iran.

MINOVI, MOJTABA

Figure 1. Mojtaba Minovi. (Courtesy of ʿAli Dehbāši, editor of Boḵārā magazine).

MINOVI, MOJTABA

Figure 2. Mojtaba Minovi in his library. (Courtesy of ʿAli Dehbāši, editor of Boḵārā magazine).

MINOVI, MOJTABA

Figure 3. Book cover, Mojtaba Minovi, Naqd-e Ḥāl, Tehran, 1972.

MINOVI, MOJTABA

Figure 4. Mojtba Minovi, holding his publication, Tarjoma-ye Kalila va Demna, Tehran, 2002.

MIR-E NOWRUZI

Figure 1. “Fête du faux emir à Saoudj-Boulagh,” undated black/white photograph by S. E. Seif-ed-Din Khân Sérdâr. From: J. de Morgan et al., Mission scientifique en Perse II, 1895, pl. XI (orig. h. 29 cm). Original, University of Michigan Library. Available from the Hathi Trust Digital Library at hathitrust.org.

MIRʿALĀʾI, AḤMAD

Figure 1.  Photograph of  Aḥmad Mirʿalāʾi.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 1. Head of Mithra on a Bactrian coin of Sōter Megas (Grenet, 2003, fig. 13). With the permission of E. Rtveladze.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 2. Figure of Mithra on a Bactrian coin of Huviška (Grenet, 2003, fig. 6). With the permission of the author.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 3. Head of Mithra on a Greco-Bactrian coin of Hermaeus (Grenet, 2003, fig. 5). With the permission of O. Bopearachchi.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 4. Figure of Mithra enthroned, on a coin of the Kušānšāh Ardašir (Grenet, 2003, fig. 4). With the permission of the British Museum and J. Cribb.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 5. Figure of Mithra on Šāpūr IIís relief at Ṭāq-e Bostān (Grenet, 2003, fig. 3). With the permission of W. Ball.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 6. Sasanian seal, formerly in the Berlin State Museum, depicting Mithra (Grenet, 2003, fig. 1).

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 7. Sogdian wood relief depicting Mithra, Panjikent, Tajikistan. (Grenet, 2003, fig. 7). With the permission of V. Shkoda.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 8. Drawing of the painting of Mithra formerly in the niche of the 38-meter Buddha at Bāmiān. (Grenet, 2003, fig. 9). With the permission of the author.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 9. Eastern Sasanian seal depicting Mithra, late 4th or 5th centuries. (British Museum, no. OA 1932.5-17.1; Callieri, 1990. fig. 3). With the permission of P. Callieri.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 10. Relief on a stone sarcophagus possibly depicting Mithra, China, 598 CE (Marshak, 2001, fig. 22a). With the permission of B. Marshak.

MITHRA ii.  Iconography in Iran and Central Asia

Figure 11. Cave painting depicting Mithra enthroned, Doḵtar-e Nošervān, Afghanistan, ca. 7th century CE (Grenet, 2003). With the permission of the author.

MITHRADATES VI

Figure 1. Silver coin of Pontus, wt. 259.2 gr. Obv.: head of King Mithradates Eupator; rev.: stag grazing, with sun and moon motifs, surrounded by an ivy wreath; inscription BASILEŌS MIΘRADATOU EUPATOROS (B. V. Head, A Guide to the Principal Gold and Silver Coins of the Ancients, from circ. B. C. 70 to A. D. 1, London, 1881, p. 107, no. VII A 2, pl. 60).

MODI, JIVANJI JAMSHEDJI

Figure 1. Photograph of J. J. Modi (frontispiece, Dr. Modi Memorial Volume, Bombay, 1930).

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 1. Ardeshir Mohassess in his childhood.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 2. Photograph of Ardeshir Mohassess, New York, 2006.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 3. Ardeshir Mohassess, Drawing, “Enemies of the Nazis,” in Ardeshir Mohassess, Closed Circuit History, Mage Publishers (www.mage.com), Washington, D.C., 1989, p. 16. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 4. Ardeshir Mohassess, “Maqāmi keh dar raʾs-e heyʾati be bāzdid miravad,” in Cactus, a special issue of Daftarhā-ye zamāna on Ardešir Moḥaṣṣeṣṣ, Tehran, 1971.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 5. Ardeshir Mohassess, “The Black Scream,” reproduction of a drawing in Jeune Afrique (original lost), on the cover of Puppets: 101 Drawings and Collages by Ardeshir Mohassess, San Francisco, 1977.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 6. Ardeshir Mohassess, front cover of Kāfar-nāma (The heathenís notebook), Tehran, 1975.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 7. Ardeshir Mohassess, back cover of Kāfar-nāma (The heathenís notebook), Tehran, 1975.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 8. Ardeshir Mohassess, “Victorís Day,” in Ardeshir Mohassess, Closed Circuit History, Mage Publishers (www.mage.com), Washington, D.C., 1989, p. 193. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 9. Ardeshir Mohassess, “The Resistance Continues,” in Ardeshir Mohassess, Closed Circuit History, Mage Publishers (www.mage.com), Washington, D.C., 1989, p. 147. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 10. Ardeshir Mohassess, illustration, Esmail Khoi, tr., Of Cats and Rats. A Tale-Poem by Obeyd Zaakaani, The Esmail Khoi Foundation, Toronto, 2004. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 11. Ardeshir Mohassess, front cover of Esmail Khoi, tr., Of Cats and Rats. A Tale-Poem by Obeyd Zaakaani, The Esmail Khoi Foundation, Toronto, 2004. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 12. Ardeshir Mohassess, cover page of Ṣ. Hedāyat and M. Farzād, Vaḡ-vaḡ Sāhāb (Gog, Magog Co., Ltd.), illustrated by Ardeshir Mohassess. Appendices: Collection of texts by S. Hedayat, M. Farzad, H. Yaghma'i, A. Moghadam, and N. Pakdaman, Vincennes, France, Ketab-e Cesmandaz.1381 Š./2002. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 13. Ardeshir Mohassess, title page of Ṣ. Hedāyat and M. Farzād, Vaḡ-vaḡ Sāhāb (Gog, Magog Co., Ltd.), illustrated by Ardeshir Mohassess. Appendices: Collection of texts by S. Hedayat, M. Farzad, H. Yaghma'i, A. Moghadam, and N. Pakdaman, Vincennes, France, Ketab-e Cesmandaz.1381 Š./2002. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 14. Ardeshir Mohassess, “The King and I,” 1978, in Life in Iran: The Library of Congress Drawings, Mage Publishers (www.mage.com), Washington, D.C., 1994, p. 28. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 15. Ardeshir Mohassess, “Finally Order Was Reestablished in the Rebellious Region and Everyday Life Began Again,” 1978, in Life in Iran: The Library of Congress Drawings, Mage Publishers (www.mage.com), Washington, D.C., 1994, p. 39. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 16. Ardeshir Mohassess, front cover of Ardeshir Mohassess, Closed Circuit History, Mage Publishers (www.mage.com), Washington, D.C., 1989, p. 193. (By permission of the publisher)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 17. Ardeshir Mohassess, Collage. (Houra Yavari, private collection)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 18. Ardeshir Mohassess, “Landscape,” print reproduction, Westbeth Gallery, New York, 1993.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 19. Ardeshir Mohassess, “Portrait of a Woman,” 1992. (Houra Yavari, private collection)

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 20. Ardeshir Mohassess, later work, 2005.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 21. Ardeshir Mohassess, later work, 2005.

MOHASSESS, ARDESHIR

Figure 22. Ardeshir Mohassess, Flyer of the Conference on Ardeshir Mohassess, “Art, Politics, and Beyond,” New York University, 2010.

MOJMAL AL-TAWĀRIḴ WA’L-QEṢAṢ

Figure 1. Haft kešvar diagram, from Mujmal al-tawāriḵ, MS pers. Cod. Heid. orient. 118, fol. 263a. Courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg.

MOJMAL AL-TAWĀRIḴ WA’L-QEṢAṢ

Figure 2. The Kaʿba, from: Mujmal al-tawāriḵ, MS pers. Cod. Heid. orient. 118, f fol. 267b. Courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg.

MOJMAL AL-TAWĀRIḴ WA’L-QEṢAṢ

Figure 3. The mosques of Medina, from: Mujmal al-tawāriḵ, MS pers. Cod. Heid. orient. 118, fol. 268a. Courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg.

MOJMAL AL-TAWĀRIḴ WA’L-QEṢAṢ

Figure 4. Jerusalem, from: Mujmal al-tawāriḵ, MS pers. Cod. Heid. orient. 118, fol. 270a. Courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg.

MOJMAL AL-TAWĀRIḴ WA’L-QEṢAṢ

Figure 5. Rome, from: Mujmal al-tawāriḵ, MS pers. Cod. Heid. orient. 118, fol. 197b. Courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg.

MOJMAL AL-TAWĀRIḴ WA’L-QEṢAṢ

Figure 6. The lighthouse of Alexandria, from Mujmal al-tawāriḵ, MS pers. Cod. Heid. orient. 118, fol. 273a. Courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg.

MOJMAL AL-TAWĀRIḴ WA’L-QEṢAṢ

Figure 7. Two men after a shipwreck, from Mujmal al-tawāriḵ, MS pers. Cod. Heid. orient. 118, fol. 273a. Courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg.

MOJMAL AL-TAWĀRIḴ WA’L-QEṢAṢ

Figure 8. Map of the world, from Mujmal al-tawāriḵ, MS pers. Cod. Heid. orient. 118, fols. 258b-259a. Courtesy of the University Library Heidelberg.

MOLLA NASREDDIN ii. Political and Social Weekly

Figure 1. Cover of the first issue of Molla Nasreddin, published 7 April 1906, referencing a verse from the poet Ṣāber,

MOLLA NASREDDIN ii. Political and Social Weekly

Figure 2. Cover of Mollā Naṣr-al-Din, commenting on a crisis in the cabinet, published 28 April 1914. Courtesy of the author.

MOLLA NASREDDIN ii. Political and Social Weekly

Figure 3. Cover of of Mollā Naṣr-al-Din, published 13 January 1913.

MOLLA NASREDDIN ii. Political and Social Weekly

Figure 4. Cover of of Mollā Naṣr-al-Din, published 26 May 1906. Courtesy of the author.

MOMAYYEZ, MORTEŻĀ

Figure 1. Portrait of Morteżā Momayyez.

MOMAYYEZ, MORTEŻĀ

Figure 2. Film Title, “Ghazal,” 1975.

MOMAYYEZ, MORTEŻĀ

Figure 3. Poster, 4th Tehran International Film Festival, 1974.

MOMAYYEZ, MORTEŻĀ

Figure 4. Illustration, “Legends of the Qurʾān,” 1963.

MOMAYYEZ, MORTEŻĀ

Figure 5. Book cover, “Shahnameh Stories,” 1974.

MOMAYYEZ, MORTEŻĀ

Figure 6. Poster, “Masterpieces of Persian Painting,” 2005.

MOMAYYEZ, MORTEŻĀ

Figure 7. Poster, “A tribute to Toulouse - Lautrec,” 2001.

MOOREY, PETER ROGER STUART

Figure 1. Roger Moorey, undated photograph. Courtesy of the Trustees of the British Museum.

MORGENSTIERNE, GEORG VALENTIN VON MUNTHE AF

Figure 1. Georg Valentin von Munthe af Morgenstierne.

MORGENSTIERNE, GEORG VALENTIN VON MUNTHE AF

Figure 2. Morgenstierne at the writing table in his linguistic headquarter at Nijrau.

MOSADDEQ, HAMID

Figure 1. Photograph of Hamid Mosaddeq.

MOSADDEQ, HAMID

Figure 2. Photograph of Hamid Mosaddeq.

MOSADDEQ, HAMID

Figure 3. Book cover of Majmu'e aš'ār.

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 1. Photograph of Gholam-Hosayn Mosaheb.

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 2. Book cover, ʿOlum-e tafriḥi (1928) by Mosaheb.

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 3. Book cover, Ḥakim ʿOmar Ḵayyām be ʿonvān-e ʿālem-e jabr (1961) by Mosaheb.

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 4. Book cover, Madḵal-e manṭeq-e ṣurat (1951) by Mosaheb.

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 5. Book cover, Dāyerat al-maʿāref-e fārsi, vol. I (1966) edited by Mosaheb.

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 6. Book cover, Farhang-e eṣṭelāḥāt-e joḡrāfiāʾi (1960).

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 7. Book cover, Ānālyz-e riāżi, vol. I (1967) by Mosaheb.

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 8. Book cover, Teori-e moqaddamāti-e aʿdād, vol. I (1970) by Mosaheb.

MOSAHEB, GHOLAM-HOSAYN

Figure 9. Journal Negah-e-Nou/Negāh-e now (2009), issue dedicated to Gholam-Hosayn Mosaheb.

MOSHIRI, FEREYDUN

Figure 1. Photograph of Fereydun Moshiri (1926-2000).

MÜLLER, FRIEDRICH

Figure 1. Portrait engraving of Fr. Müller (Karabacek, preceding p. 305).

MÜLLER, FRIEDRICH W. K.

Figure 1. F. W. K. Müller, “Ein Doppelblatt aus einem manichäischen Hymnenbuch (Maḥrnâmag),” APAW, 1912; Berlin, 1913, p. 7.

MUNICH, PERSIAN ART IN

Plate I. The so-called “Polish Carpet.” Silk tapestry (kilim). Persia, probably Kashan, 17th century. Schatzkammer der Residenz, Munich (Res.Mü.Schk. 1240).

MUNICH, PERSIAN ART IN

Plate II. A miniature, Layli in a garden. From Neẓāmiís Ḵamsa. Gouache on paper. Shiraz, 1550-1600. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich (cod. Pers. 21, fol. 125r).

MUNICH, PERSIAN ART IN

Plate III. A miniature, an angel reading a book. Gouache on paper. Persia, Qazwin, 16th cent.. Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde, Munich (inv. no. 77-11-290). Formerly Preetorius Collection.

MUNICH, PERSIAN ART IN

Plate IV. A silk carpet. Isfahan, 17th century. Bayerisches Nationalmuseum, Munich (inv. no. T 1608). Formerly in the Residence Treasury, Munich.

MUNICH, PERSIAN ART IN

Plate V. A metal standard, probably Persia, 17th century. Private collection, Munich.

MUSHKI, TALL-E

Figure 1. Painted pottery from Tall-e Mushki B. (© The University Museum, The University of Tokyo)

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 1. The Iranian cultural area.

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 2. Arched harps on Iranian seal impressions from the 3rd millennium B.C.E. (Lawergren, “Iran,” fig. 3).

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 3. Bull lyres of the 3rd millennium B.C.E. a. Cylinder sael from Farah, southern Mesopotamia, ca. 2600 (Spycket, fig. 10b). b. Engraved shell from Mari, eastern Syria (Parrot, pl. LX, no. 2459). c. Inlaid plaque on the side of an extant lyre from Ur, southern Mesopotamia, 2450. (Lawergren, “Iran,” fig. 4a). d. Cylinder seal from Susa, western Iran (Lawergren, “Iran,” fig. 4b). e. Seal from Failaka, northern Persian Gulf, ca. 1900 (Lawergren, “Iran,” fig. 4c).

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 4. Excavated trumpets, 2200ñ1750 B.C.E. (Lawergren, 2003a, fig. 3). The line drawing of the faces are shown doubly magnified. a. Shaft grave (cenotaph) at Gonur, Margiana. b, c. Tepe Hissar, Iran. d, e, f. Shaft grave (cenotaph) at Gonur, Margiana. g. Tepe Hissar, Iran. h, i. Astarābād, Iran. j. Shaft grave (cenotaph) at Gonur, Margiana. k. Grave 081 at Shahdād, Iran.

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 5. Unexcavated face trumpets, 2200ñ1750 B.C.E. (Lawergren, 2003a, fig. 8). The line drawings, given at twice that scale, show the faces from several directions, and faces close to the mouthpiece at the right in the picture, while those located in the middle are in the center. a. Man. b. Man. c. Three men near the midpoint (α-γ) and a decoration near the mouthpiece. d. Three undeterminable faces. e. Two faces (α-β). f. Three bison faces.

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 6. Angular harps from the 2nd millennium B.C.E. (Lawergren, 2001b, fig. 6). a. Side view of vertical model, Mesopotamia. b. Front view of vertical model, Mesopotamia. c. Front view of vertical model, Elam. d. Side view of horizontal model, Mesopotamia. e. Front view of harper but side view of his harp of an horizontal model, Elam.

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 7. Angular harps, Elam, 1st millennium B.C.E. (Lawergren, “Iran,” fig. 7). a. Rock reliefs at Kul-e Faraḥ, near Izeh/Malāmir. b. Wall relief of Madaktu ensemble, Ashurbanipa’s Palace, Nineveh (see fig. 9c), 660-650 B.C.E.

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 8. Map of the region where horizontal angular harps were played around 500 B.C.E., and the hatched area shows the Achaemenid empire (Lawergren, 2003b, fig. 10b).

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 9. Horizontal harps of the 1st millennium B.C.E. (Lawergren, 2003b, fig. 11).

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 10. Musical scene from the Arjan bowl, and the five segments of this circle are presented in a linear sequence (Lawergren, 2001b, fig. 8).

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 11. South side of the stone sarcophagus of Shi Jun, Xiían, Shaanxi Province, China, 580 C.E. (Institute of Archeology of Xiían, p. 19).

MUSIC HISTORY i. Pre-Islamic Iran

Figure 12. Paradise, east side of the stone sarcophagus of Shi Jun, Xiían, Shaanxi Province, China, 580 C.E. (Institute of Archeology of Xiían, p. 20 left side); relief and line drawing.

(Cross-Reference)

Last Updated: August 26, 2015