(Islamic Republic of Afghanistan), landlocked country located in Central Asia and bordered by Iran to the west, Pakistan to the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to the north, and China to the far northeast.
ix. Pre-Islamic Art.
x. Political History.
xiii. Forests and Forestry.
(Multiple Authors )
Originally Published: December 15, 1983
Last Updated: July 22, 2011
This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 5-6, pp. 486-566
Multiple Authors, “Afganistan,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/5-6, pp. 486-566; an updated version is available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/afghanistan (accessed on 7 March 2014).