IRAN vii, continued
(2) Non-Iranian Languages in Pre-Islamic Iran
Of the three known pre-Islamic languages (i.e., Urartian, Kassite, and Elamite) only Urartian and Elamite are fairly well known. Geographically they represent the northwestern and the southwestern corners of the plateau. Perhaps not surprisingly, the two are typologically almost diametrically opposed in terms of inflectional strategies and their verbal systems: Chart 1.
Whether these exerted substrate pressure on the incoming Iranian speakers is difficult to answer. At least it is clear that in Azerbaijan the highly inflectional and ergative (q.v.) Iranian languages superimposed themselves on a similarly inflectional and ergative, but quite different typological continuum.
Originally Published: December 15, 2006
Last Updated: March 29, 2012
This article is available in print.
Vol. XIII, Fasc. 4, p. 386