Table of Contents

  • VAEΘĀ

    Mahnaz Moazami

    a short Avestan text with Pahlavi translation; each Avestan sentence is followed by its Pahlavi translation and sometimes with additional explanatory glosses.

  • VAḤŠI BĀFQI

    Paul Losensky

    , Kamāl-al-Din (or Šams-al-Din Moḥammad), Persian poet of the Safavid period (b. Bāfq, ca. 1532; d. Yazd, 1583).

  • VANDEN BERGHE, Louis

    Ernie Haerinck

    (1923-1993), Belgian archeologist who devoted almost all his research to Iran’s history.

  • VATATZES, Vasilios

    Evangelos Venetis

    Greek scholar, merchant, traveler, pioneer explorer, and diplomat.

  • VĀYU

    William W. Malandra

    Wind, Atmosphere, Space,” name of a deity and the natural phenomenon.

  • VAZIRI, ʿAli-Naqi

    Hormoz Farhat

    (b. Tehran, 1887; d., Tehran, 9 September 1979), composer, virtuoso tār player, musical theorist, and educator.

  • VENDĪDĀD

    William W. Malandra

    the common name given the Avestan text widaēwa-dāta-, Pahl. jud-dēw-dād “The Law repudiating the Demons.” Of the three major divisions of the 21 Nasks of the Sasanian Avesta, the Vendīdād was the last of those called dādīg “dealing with law,” and 19th overall. The summary of its contents given in the 9th-century Dēnkard accords closely with the extent of the received text. 

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  • VETCH

    Cross-Reference

    See ʿADAS.

  • VETERINARY MEDICINE

    Cross-Reference

    See DĀM-PEZEŠKĪ.

  • VIOLET

    Cross-Reference

    See BANAFŠA.