Table of Contents

  • NAWʿI

    Sunil Sharma

    MOḤAMMAD-REŻĀ ḴABUŠĀNI (1563-1610),  Persian poet in India, best known for his long maṯnawi, Suz o godāza romance centered on a suttee (sati) heroine.

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    Orkhan Mir-Kasimov

    the dream journal of Fażl-Allāh Astarābādi (1339-1394), the founder of the Ḥorufi movement.


    N. Garsoian

    term given to the para-feudal, social pattern that early Armenia apparently shared with Parthian Iran, although it was preserved into the Sasanian period and beyond.



    title of the director of the Safavid royal secretariat.  See DAFTAR-ḴĀNA-YE HOMĀYŪN.


    Paul Losensky

    Indo-Persian poet of the late 16th and early 17th centuries (b. Nishapur, ca. 1560; d. Ahmadabad, between 1612 and 1614).


    Nassereddin Parvin

    (The voice of Islam), a pro-constitutional newspaper lithographed and published in Shiraz, 1907.


    Kamyar Abdi

    eminent Iranian archaeologist. Negahban carried out his first series of excavations in 1961 at the site of Mehrānābād about 25 km south of Tehran on the road to Sāveh.

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    C. Edmund Bosworth

    (Nehāvand), a town in western Iran, situated in the northern Zagros region.

  • NÉMETH, Gyula

    András Bodrogligeti

    Nemeth's scholarship was devoted almost entirely to various aspects of Ottoman-Turkish studies.  A few works of his, however, crossed over into Iranian studies and made lasting contributions to this field, including the Persian-Arabic elements in the Turkish language. 

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    Bruno Jacobs

    The burial mound of Antiochus I is flanked by terraces in the east, north, and west. The settings of the sculptures on the east and west terraces are essentially identical: in each case, a row of five limestone statues (originally up to 8 m in height) overlook the terrace, their backs to the mound.

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