Table of Contents
(1832-1908), governor, minister, and prime minister of the Nāṣeri and Moẓaffarid era.
Osman G. Özgüdenlı
(Neẓāmi of Konya; d. 1469-73?), poet in Persian, Arabic, and Turkish.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900), the great German thinker, is best known as a philosopher of culture.
Firoze M. Kotwal and Philip G. Kreyenbroek
a Zoroastrian ritual to consecrate gōmēz, or bull’s urine; the consecrated liquid is known as nīrang or nīrangdīn.
an Arsacid city and ceremonial center in Parthia.This Article Has Images/Tables.
b. Moḥammad al-Aʿraj, Neẓām-al-Din Qommi, astronomer; d. after 1311.
the Old Iranian name of several Iranian regions and places, which cannot easily be distinguished from one another.
C. Edmund Bosworth
Nishapur (Nišāpur) was, with Balḵ, Marv and Herat, one of the four great cities of the province of Khorasan. It flourished in Sasanid and early Islamic times, but after the devastations of the Mongol invasions of the 13th century, subsided into a more modest role until it revived in the 20th century.
city in northern Mesopotamia, a major focus of military confrontations between the Roman and Sasanian empires and a renowned center of theological studies for the Church of the East.