Table of Contents


    Ḥasan Mirʿābedini

    (1904-1978), author of Iran’s first social novel.


    Saeid Rezvani

    In 1945 Moshiri began to work for the Ministry of Post and Telegraph. He continued to pursue his education while employed, enrolling in the ministry’s technical school. Moshiri received his diploma in 1965 and enrolled at the then Faculty of Literature of Tehran University, but he never completed the course of study, switching to journalism instead.

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  • MOSTA’AN, Hosayn-Qoli

    Ḥasan Mirʿābedini

    (1904-1983), noted serial writer, journalist, and translator.

  • MOTʿA

    Shahla Haeri

    in Islamic law, the word (lit. “pleasure”) used as a technical term for a marriage contracted for a definite period of time.

  • MOʾTAMEN, Zeyn-al-ʿĀbedin

    Ali Gheissari

    A teacher, writer, and scholar of Persian literature.


    Nina Garsoïan

    from the later Middle Ages, and down to the present, honored as the “Father of Armenian History” (Patmahayr). According to his own words, he was a pupil of St. Maštoc‘, the inventor of the Armenian alphabet, writing in the 5th century CE. 


    Patrick Wing

    (Āl-e Moẓaffar), family of governors of Yazd under the Il-Khanids, who expanded their domain after the collapse of the Il-Khanid power and established the Mozaffarid dynasty in Yazd, KermanFars, and ʿErāq-e ʿAjam, which endured until its destruction by Timur (Tamerlane). 

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  • MO’AYYERI, Mohammad Hasan

    Kāmyār ʿĀbedi

    (1909-1968), prominent poet and lyricist, better known as Rahi.


    Gregory Semenov

    site of the 7th-8th-century refuge of the rulers of Penjikent in Sogdiana, where an important archive of documents written in Sogdian was discovered in the 1930s.

  • MUHAMMADIEV, Fazliddin

    Keith Hitchins

    Tajik writer (1928-1986). Numerous works of his were translated into Russian and other languages of the Soviet Union and of Eastern Europe.