Table of Contents

  • JAMʿIYAT-E MOʾTALEFA-YE ESLĀMI i. Hayʾathā-ye Moʾtalefa-ye Eslāmi 1963-79

    Ali Rahnema

    The Islamic Coalition of Mourning Groups was born almost two years after the death of Ayatollah Ḥosayn Ṭabāṭabāʾi Borujerdi in 1961.

  • JAMʿIYAT-E MOʾTALEFA-YE ESLĀMI ii. Jamʿiyat-e Moʾtalefa and the Islamic Revolution

    Ali Rahnema

    After the 1979 Revolution, the “Coalition of Islamic Mourning Groups” changed its expressive and meaningful name to the rather awkward appellation of Jamʿiyat-e moʾtalefa-ye eslāmi (the Society of Islamic Coalition).

  • JAMḴĀNA

    cross-reference

    See AḤL-E ḤAQQ.

  • JAMKARĀN

    Jean Calmard

    village near Qom, located 6 km south of it on the Qom-Kashan highway. It includes the mazraʿas of Gorgābi (Hādi-Mehdi) and Zangābād, the ruins of Gabri castle, and the Jamkarān or Ṣāḥeb-al-Zamān mosque.

  • JAMSHIDI TRIBE

    Christine Noelle-Karimi

    (Jamšidi) one of several semi-nomadic, Persian-speaking, Hanafite Sunni groups of northwestern Afghanistan known as aymāq.

  • JAMŠID

    Multiple Authors

    (or Jam), mythical king of Iran; Avestan Yima (Old Indic Yama), with the epithet xšaēta.

  • JAMŠID B. MASʿUD ḠIĀṮ-AL-DIN KĀŠI

    cross-reference

    See KĀŠI.

  • JAMŠID i. Myth of Jamšid

    PRODS OKTOR SKJÆRVØ

    In the Avesta, he ruled the world in a golden age; he saved living beings from a natural catastrophe by preserving specimens in his var- (fortress); he possessed the most Fortune among mortals, but lost it and his kingship as a consequence of lying.

  • JAMŠID ii. In Persian Literature

    Mahmoud Omidsalar

    Sources all agree that he reigned for several hundred years, but they differ on the exact length of his rule.

  • JĀN MOḤAMMAD KHAN

    Bāqer ʿĀqeli

    , AMIR ʿALĀʾI (1886-1951), brigadier general and commander of Khorasan army during the early Reżā Shah period, noted for his ruthlessness but eventually undone due to a mutiny of unpaid  troops.

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