Table of Contents

  • FARMĀNFARMĀ, MAḤMŪD KHAN NĀṢER-AL-MOLK

    ʿABD-AL-ḤOSAYN NAVĀʿĪ

    (b. ca. 1828-29; d. Tehran, 1887), high-ranking official in the reign of Nāṣer-al-Dīn Shah (1848-96).

  • FARMING

    Mohammad-Said Nouri Naini

    in Persia. In the mid-1990s Persian agriculture accounted for over 25 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 25 percent of employment, and 33 percent of non-oil exports. It also met 75 percent of domestic food requirements and 90 percent of the needs of agricultural industries in the country.

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  • FARNAH

    Cross-reference

    See FARR(AH).

  • FARNŪDSĀR

    Cross-Reference

    See NAẒEM-AL-AṬEBBĀʾ.

  • FARŌḴŠI

    Mary Boyce and Firoze Kotwal

    the name of a Zoroastrian ceremony for departed souls, also called Farošīn, in Irani Zoroastrian dialect Parošīn.

  • FARR(AH)

    Gherardo Gnoli

    Avestan Xᵛarənah, lit. “glory,” according to the most likely etymology and the semantic function reconstructed from its occurrence in various contexts and phases of the Iranian languages.

  • FARR(AH) ii. ICONOGRAPHY OF FARR(AH)/XᵛARƎNAH

    Abolala Soudavar

    The core myth that reveals the characteristics of farr, and its function, is the myth of Jamšid as reflected in the Avesta. Empowered by his farr, Jamšid rules the world, but loses it when he strays from the righteous path. After two preliminary encounters, his farr is taken by a falcon.

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  • FARRANT, FRANCIS

    Denis Wright

    , Colonel (b. 1803 [?]; d. 1868), British soldier and diplomat.

  • FARRĀŠ

    Cross-Reference

    See CITIES iii.

  • FARROḴ KHAN KĀŠĪ, AMĪN-AL-MOLK

    Cross-Reference

    See AMĪN-AL-DAWLA, ABŪ ṬĀLEB FARROḴ KHAN.