Table of Contents

  • EXEGESIS iii. In Persian

    Annabel Keeler

    The writing of commentaries on the Koran in Persian seems to have begun during the second half of the 4th/10th century. The principal objective of such tafsīrs was ostensibly to give Persian speakers who were not proficient in Arabic direct access to the exegesis of the Koran.

  • EXEGESIS vi. In Aḵbārī and Post-Safavid Esoteric Shiʿism

    Todd Lawson

    Aḵbārī exegesis of the Koran, the style and content of which are much older than the Safavid period, became during that time a common method of interpreting Islamic scripture.

  • EXEGESIS vii. In Bahaism

    Todd Lawson

    importance of Koranic exegesis (tafsīr) and interpretation (taʾwīl)—a somewhat arbitrary distinction—for the Bābī and Bahai religions may be gathered from the fact that the inception of the former is dated to the commencement of a work of scriptural interpretation, namely the Bāb’s Tafsīr sūrat Yūsof, and that, in many ways, the most important work in the Bahai canon is the Ketāb-e īqān by Bahāʾ-Allāh.

  • EXEGESIS viii. Nishapuri School of Quranic Exegesis

    Walid A. Saleh

    A school of Quranic exegesis was established by three scholars from Nishapur in the 11th century which transformed the genre of tafsir and Quranic sciences and came to be known as the Nishapuri School.

  • EXILARCH

    Isaiah M. Gafni

    (Hebrew resh galuta), the leading authority in the Jewish community in Babylonia.

  • EXILE

    Cross-Reference

    See DEPORTATIONS; DIASPORA.

  • EXTRATERRITORIALITY

    Cross-Reference

    See JUDICIAL AND LEGAL SYSTEMS.

  • EXTREMIST SHIʿITES

    Cross-Reference

    See ḠOLĀT.

  • EY IRĀN

    Morteza Hoseyni Dehkordi and Parvin Loloi

    (O Iran, O bejeweled land), the title of an ardently patriotic hymn of praise to the land of Iran.

  • EYES and EARS of KING

    Cross-Reference

    See COURTS AND COURTIERS.