Table of Contents

  • BAHRAIN

    X. De Planhol, X. De Planhol, J. A. Kechichian

    Ar. Baḥrayn, lit. “two seas,” the name originally applied to the area of the northeastern Arabian peninsula now known as Ḥasā (Aḥsāʾ). i. Geography. ii. Shiʿite elements in Bahrain. iii. History of political relations with Iran.

  • BAHRĀM (1)

    G. Gnoli, P. Jamzadeh

    the Old Iranian god of victory, Avestan Vərəθraγna (“smiting of resistance”);  Middle Persian Warahrān, frequently used as a male proper name.

  • BAHRĀM (2)

    A. Sh. Shahbazi, O. Klíma, W. L. Hanaway, Jr.

    Bahrām was fond of fighting, hunting, and feasting, which he regarded as virtues. Sasanian-based sources praised him as a benevolent and worthy king. This was no doubt partly due to his reversal of Šāpūr’s policy of religious tolerance, which enabled the clergy led by Kardēr to proceed with the establishment of a Zoroastrian state church.

    This Article Has Images/Tables.
  • BAHRĀM (3)

    Dj. Khaleghi-Motlagh

    son of GŌDARZ, in the Šāh-nāma a hero in the reigns of Kay Kāōs and Kay Ḵosrow, renowned for his valiant service in all the wars.

  • BAHRĀM B. MARDĀNŠĀH

    Dj. Khaleghi-Motlagh

    a Zoroastrian priest (mōbed) of the town of Šāpūr in Fārs, mentioned in several Arabic and Persian sources as a translator of the Xwadāy-nāmag from Pahlavi into Arabic.

  • BAHRĀM MĪRZĀ

    P. Soucek

    (1517-49), youngest son of Shah Esmāʿīl, full brother of Shah Ṭahmāsb, who relied on his loyalty and military valor for assistance against both his internal and external enemies.

  • BAHRĀM MĪRZĀ, MOʿEZZ-AL-DAWLA

    ʿA. Navāʾī

    (d. 1882), second son of the crown prince ʿAbbās Mīrzā, minor figure in military affairs and administration.

  • BAHRĀM newspaper

    L. P. Elwell-Sutton

    newspaper in Tehran, 1943-47.

  • BAHRĀM O GOLANDĀM

    cross-reference

    See KĀTEBĪ.

  • BAHRĀM PAŽDŪ

    Ž. Āmūzgār

    Zoroastrian poet of the 13th century. His only surviving poem celebrates spring, Nowrūz and those who had propagated the Zoroastrian religion.