P~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

list of all the figure and plate images in the letter P entries.

 

P ENTRIES: CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

online entry

caption text

PAHLAVI PSALTER

Figure 1. F. C. Andreas and Kaj Barr, “Bruchstücke einer Pehlevi-Übersetzung der Psalmen, mit 11 Tafeln,” Sb. d. Preussischen Akad. d. Wissenschaften, 1933, pp. 91-152.

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 1. Godin Tepe. After Young and Levine, p. 116, fig. 37.

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 2. Nush-i Jan. After Stronach and Roaf, p. 2, fig. 1.

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 3. Pasargadae, Palace P. After Stronach, 1978, p. 81, fig. 41, with additions. A. Porticoes; B. Hypostyle Hall; C. Side bays with second-story galleries above hypothetical, marked red; D. Two-story mud-brick constructions with living area (hypothetical, marked red)

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 4. Persepolis, Apadana. After Schmidt, I, p. 69, fig. 30. Courtesy of Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University in the City of New York.

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 5. Firuzābād, Qalʿa-ye Doḵtar.; Courtesy of the author. a. Ground floor and section through side halls; b. Second story and section through main halls.

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 6. Firuzābād, Ātaškada. Courtesy of the author. a. Axial longitudinal section; b. Cross-section through three domes; c. Second-story level with living area; d. Longitudinal section, detail between domes with southwestern main apartment; e. First-story level with throne niche above stairs from ayvān; f. Ground plan.

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 7. Ctesiphon, Tāq-e Kesrā. After Reuther, p. 19, fig. 10.

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 8. Isfahan, ʿĀli Qāpu. After Ferrante, pp. 151, 152, and 157, figs. 4, 5, and 10. a. Section; b. Ground floor of palace level; c. Upstairs floor of palace leve.l

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 9. Isfahan, Hašt Behešt. After Ferrante, pp. 404, 405, and 409, figs. 2, 3, and 5. a. Section; b. Ground level; c. Upstairs level.

PALACE ARCHITECTURE

Figure 10. Tehran, audience hall of Golestan Palace, lithograph. Flandin and Coste, pl. 32 (reduced, orig. size 62 x 45 cm). Courtesy of Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University in the City of New York.

PANJIKANT

Plate I. Murals of the ‘Rustam Room’: tales (after Marshak, 2002, plate 13).

PANJIKANT

Figure 1. Map of Panjikant (after Marshak, 2002, fig. 1).

PANJIKANT

Figure 3. Reception hall of a Panjikant house (reconstruction by B. Marshak and E. Buklaeva; after Marshak, 2002, fig. 10).

PANJIKANT

Figure 4. Murals of the ‘Rustam Room’: Rustam cycle (Room 41/VI; after Marshak, 2002, fig. 14).

PANJIKANT

Figure 2. Panjikant, plan of Sector VI (after Marshak, 2002, fig. 4).

PANJIKANT

Figure 5. Murals of the ‘Rustam Room’: tale (first register, Room 41/VI; after Marshak, 2002, figure 42).

PANJIKANT

Figure 6. Murals of the ‘Rustam Room’: tale (first register, Room 41/VI; after Marshak, 2002, figure 43).

PASARGADAE

Figure 1. The tomb of Cyrus. After Mandelslo.

PASARGADAE

Figure 2. The tomb of Cyrus. A reconstruction.

PASARGADAE

Figure 3. Plan of the Palace Area.

PASARGADAE

Figure 4. Palace S. Reconstruction by F. Krefter.

PASARGADAE

Figure 5. Silver spoon with a curved swan’s head handle. Mid-fourth century BCE. From the Pasargadae Treasure.

PASARGADAE

Figure 6. A reconstruction of the Achaemenid-Seleucid citadel/storehouse founded by Darius. Only the massive stone platform, indicated at lower left, dates from the time of Cyrus.

PAUL THE PERSIAN

Figure 1. J.-P. Migne, Patrologiae cursus completus, Series Graeca, LXXXVIII, Paris, 1860, cols. 529-30.

PEJMAN-E BAKHTIARI, HOSAYN

Figure 1. Book cover, Ḵosrow o Širin of Neẓāmi.

PEJMAN-E BAKHTIARI, HOSAYN

Figure 2. Book cover, Maḵzan-al-asrār of Neẓāmi.

PEJMAN-E BAKHTIARI, HOSAYN

Figure 3. Book cover, Haft peykar of Neẓāmi.

PEJMAN-E BAKHTIARI, HOSAYN

Figure 4. Book cover, Leyli o Majnun of Neẓāmi.

PEJMAN-E BAKHTIARI, HOSAYN

Figure 5. Book cover, Šaraf-Nāmeh of Neẓāmi.

PEJMAN-E BAKHTIARI, HOSAYN

Figure 6. Book cover, Divān-e ašʿār-e Žāleh Qāʾem-maqāmi.

PERIKHANIAN, ANAHIT

Figure 1. Photograph of Anahit Perikhanian, 1940s (from family archive; courtesy of Arthur Ambartsumian).

PERSEPOLIS

Figure 1. General view of Persepolis. Courtesy of the author.

PERSEPOLIS

Figure 2. Plan of Persepolis platform. Courtesy of the author.

PERSEPOLIS

Figure 3. East Apadana stairway: staff-bearers and dignitaries. Courtesy of the author.

PERSEPOLIS

Figure 4a. The Apadana stairway: Gift-bearing delegations, after Walser.

PERSEPOLIS

Figure 4b. The Apadana stairway: Gift-bearing delegations, after Walser.

PERSEPOLIS

Figure 5. The “Audience Scene,” originally on the Apadana’s central stairway facade. Courtesy of the author.

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 1a. Cover Atıf Efendi Library, Atıf Efendi Eki, no. 1316: Abu’l-Fażl Ḥobayš b. Ebrāhim b. Moḥammad Teflisi, Ketāb wojuh al-Qorʾān (the oldest autograph manuscript in Anatolia).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 1b. Atıf Efendi Library, Atıf Efendi Eki, no. 1316: Abu’l-Fażl Ḥobayš b. Ebrāhim b. Moḥammad Teflisi, Ketāb wojuh al-Qorʾān (the oldest autograph manuscript in Anatolia).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 2. Süleymaniye Library, Aşir Efendi, no. 159: ʿAbd-al-Raḥmān Jāmi, Selselat al-ḏahab (with author’s handwriting).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 3. Nuruosmaniye Library, no. 3207, fols. 277b-78a: Šehāb-al-Din ʿAbd-Allāh b. Fażl-Allāh Kāteb-e Širāzi (Waṣṣāf), Tajziyat al-amṣār wa tazjiyat al-aʿṣār (Šaʿbān 711 [1311-12], autograph, with the seal of the Rabʿ-e Rašidi Library).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 4a. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya, no. 3055: Ḥāji Moḥammad b. Ḥāji ʿAli b. Ḥāji Moḥammad (Biḡāmi), Tāriḵ-e firuzšāhi, copied by “Banda-ye dargāh” Moḥammad Qawām Kāteb-e Širāzi (for the library of Shah Ṭahmāsb I).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 4b. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya, no. 3055: Ḥāji Moḥammad b. Ḥāji ʿAli b. Ḥāji Moḥammad (Biḡāmi), Tāriḵ-e firuzšāhi, copied by “Banda-ye dargāh” Moḥammad Qawām Kāteb-e Širāzi (for the library of Shah Ṭahmāsb I).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 5. Süleymaniye Library, Hekimoğlu Ali Paşa, no. 725: Majmuʿa (MS of Shah Esmāʿil I, with the waqf record of Shah ʿAbbās I. from Ardabil).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 6. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya, no. 2984: Qāżi Borhān-al-Din Abu Naṣr b. Masʿud Anawi, Anis al-qolub (unique).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 7. Süleymaniye Library, Fatih, no. 4518: Qāżi Aḥmad Ḥosayni Niḡdawi, al-Walad al-šafiq (unique).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 8a. Süleymaniye Library, Fatih, no. 4281: Balʿami, Tarjama-ye tāriḵ-e Ṭabari (725 [1325], copied by ʿAbd-Allāh b. Saʿd-Allāh b. Abi’l-Ḡāleb Eṣfahāni, in Firuzān for Ḡāzān Khan’s library).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 8b. Süleymaniye Library, Fatih, no. 4281: Balʿami, Tarjama-ye tāriḵ-e Ṭabari (725 [1325], copied by ʿAbd-Allāh b. Saʿd-Allāh b. Abi’l-Ḡāleb Eṣfahāni, in Firuzān for Ḡāzān Khan’s library).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 9a. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya, no. 3050: Balʿami, Tarjama-ye tāriḵ-e Ṭabari (Rajab 713 [Oct.-Nov. 1313], copied by ʿOṯmān b. Aḥmad b. Abi Bakr yoʿraf ba-Ḥāluya).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 9b. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya, no. 3050: Balʿami, Tarjama-ye tāriḵ-e Ṭabari (Rajab 713 [Oct.-Nov. 1313], copied by ʿOṯmān b. Aḥmad b. Abi Bakr yoʿraf ba-Ḥāluya).

PERSIAN MANUSCRIPTS i. In Ottoman and modern Turkish libraries

Figure 10. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya, no. 3227: Mirḵᵛānd, Rawżat al-ṣafā, 994 [1586] copied by Mir Hādi Yazdi, owned by Moḥammad Ḵalifa b. Dengiz Ḵalifa-ye Afšār in Yazd).

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 1. Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa L., adult. (Courtesy: Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida; drawing: Sisan A. Wineriter)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 2. Different stages of an aphid. (Courtesy: Eric R. Day, Entomology, Virginia Tech university)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 3. Leaf curling of plum shoots by Plum Aphid. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 4. San José Scale on apple. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 5a. Cottony Cushion Scale on a twig. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 5b. Vedalia beetle feeding on the Cottony Cushion Scale. (Courtesy: Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida; photographer: Jane V. Windsor)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 6. Different stages of a whitefly (Bemesia sp) on cucurbits. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 7. Eurygaster integriceps Put. adult feeding on wheat. (Courtesy: Bahram Tafaghodinia, IROST, Tehran)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 8. Order Thysanoptera (Thrips) (Thrips tabaci Lind). (Courtesy: John L. Capinera, University of Florida)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 9a. White grubs (Family Scarabaeidae). (Courtesy: M. E. Rice, Iowa State University)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 9b. Melolontha melolontha (L). (Courtesy: Barbara Strnadova, http://www.godofinsects.com)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 10. Capnodis tenebrionis L., adult. (Photographer: Gyorgy Csoka, Hungary Forest Research Institute, http://www.forestimages.org/)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 11. Aromia moschata L., adult. (Photographer: Gyorgy Csoka, Hungary Forest Research Institute, http://www.forestimages.org/)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 12a. Colorado potato beetle, adult. (Courtesy: Lyle J. Buss, University of Florida; photographer: James Castner)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 12b. Colorado potato beetle, damage. (Courtesy: Eric R. Day, Virginia Tech university)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 13a. Alfalfa weevil, adult. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 13b. Alfalfa weevil, damage. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 14. Scolytus mali Becht. galleries. (Photographer: Gyorgy Csoka, Hungary Forest Research Institute, http://www.forestimages.org/)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 15. A fruit Fly (Tephritidae). (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 16. Citrus butterfly, adult. (Courtesy: Wolfgang Rutkies, Germany)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 17a. Codling moth, adults. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 17b. Codling moth, damage on apple. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 18a. Potato tuber moth, adult. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 18b. Potato tuber moth, damage. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 19. Pink bollworm, damage. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 20a. European corn borer, adult. (Courtesy: M. E. Rice, Iowa State University)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 20b. European corn borer, stalk tunneling. (Courtesy: M. E. Rice, Iowa State University)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 21. Leafminers, damage. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand, UCD IPM Online)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 22. Saturnia pyri L., adult. (Courtesy: A. R. Pittaway, CAB International, Wallingford, England)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 23. Leopard moth. (Zeuzera pyrina L), adult. (Courtesy: Paolo Mazzei, http://www.leps.it)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 24a. Black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Hfn), adult. (Courtesy: M. E. Rice, Iowa State University)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 24b. Black cutworm, Agrotis ipsilon (Hfn), damage. (Courtesy: M.E. Rice, Iowa State University)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 25a. Beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua Hb., adult moth. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand. Photograph: Jack Kelly Clark, University of California at Davis)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 25b. Beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua Hb., larvae feeding on leaves. (Courtesy: Larry L. Strand. Photograph: Jack Kelly Clark, University of California at Davis)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 26. Helicoverpa armigera Hbn., larva. (Courtesy: Paolo Mazzei, http//www.leps.it)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 27. Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd), adult. (Courtesy: Paolo Mazzei, http://www.leps.it)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 28. Gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar L., adult. (Courtesy: USDA-APHIS, PPQ Archives, http://www.forestryimages.org)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 29. Cephus pigmeus L., adult. (Courtesy: Frank Köhler, Germany; http//www.bombix.de)

PESTS, AGRICULTURAL

Figure 30. Eurytoma sp., adult. (Courtesy: Bob Wharton, Texas A & M University)

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate I. The first Persian stamp: A denomination of the Bāqeri-issue.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate II. A stamp from the new set ordered in Austria by G. Riederer.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate III. A stamp form the late Nāṣer-al-Din period, featuring the shah’s portrait and a bilingual inscription.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate IV. A stamp designed and issued in Mašhad by V. Castaign.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate V. Highest denomination of the 1907 definitive set, showing Moḥammad ʿAli Shah in the Kayāni crown.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate VI. Qerān-denomiantion of the Coronation series from 1915.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate VII. Stamp issued by the Jangali movement in Gilān, showing Kāva the blacksmith holding a red banner.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate VIII. Provisional surcharged stamp issued immediately after Reza Shah coronation in 1925.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate IX. Stamp from 1936, with Achaemenid ornaments and the portrait of Reza Shah wearing a Pahlavi hat.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate X. Denomination form the 1935 commemorative set for the tenth anniversary of Reza Shah’s coronation.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XI. Stamp issued in commemoration of the 1953 return of the shah to power.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XII. Stamp in celebration of the United Nations day.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XIII. Stamp from the mid-1970s, issued in celebration of the 70th anniversary of Rotary International.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XIV. Stamp of the last definitive set issued under Mohammad Reza Shah, overprinted after the Islamic Revolution of 1979.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XV. Commemorative stamp in memory of the victims of the assault on the Islamic Republic Party’s headquarters in 1981.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XVI. Stamp issued in occasion of Jerusalem day, 1980.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XVII. Stamp from the first set issued after the foundation of the Islamic Republic.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XVIII. Commemorative stamp for the second anniversary if the Islamic Revolution, combining political and religious symbols.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XIX. Stamp issued in occasion of World Child Day, 1991, which aroused severe criticism from Jewish organizations as well as from philatelic unions.

PHILATELY i. The Postage Stamps of Iran

Plate XX. Commemorative stamp for the 16th anniversary of the foundation of the Islamic Republic, 1995.

PHILATELY vi. postal history  (3) Censorship of Mail in Persia

Figure 1. National Force and Gendarmerie censor used in Hamadān, November- December 1915. (Courtesy of Tamouchin Shahrokh)

PHILATELY vi. postal history  (3) Censorship of Mail in Persia

Figure 2. Russian military censor used at Hamadān, December 1915 to August 1916. (Courtesy of the author)

PHILATELY vi. postal history  (3) Censorship of Mail in Persia

Figure 3 (a) and (b). Turkish military censors used in Kermānšāh, July 1916 to March 1917. (Courtesy of Tamouchin Shahrokh)

PHILATELY vi. postal history  (3) Censorship of Mail in Persia

Figure 4. Censor mark applied by local rebel groups in Kāzerun, December 1916 to January 1917. (Courtesy of the author)

PHILATELY vi. postal history  (3) Censorship of Mail in Persia

Figure 5. (a) “Dunsterforce” and (b) “Norperforce” British military censors. (Courtesy of the author)

PHILATELY vi. postal history  (3) Censorship of Mail in Persia

Figure 6. Persian government censor applied at Tehran to incoming mail in 1920. (Courtesy of the author)

PHILATELY vi. postal history  (3) Censorship of Mail in Persia

Figure 7. Persian Soviet Socialist Republic censor, applied by the Jangali movement in Rasht, June–August 1920. (Courtesy of the author)

PHILATELY vi. postal history  (3) Censorship of Mail in Persia

Figure 8. Western Republicans’ censor, used in Hamadān in April 1924. (Courtesy of the author)

PHOENIX MOSQUE

Figure 1. Entrance to the Phoenix Mosque, Hangzhou. Photograph by the author.

PHOENIX MOSQUE

Figure 2. View of Phoenix Mosque, Hangzhou. Photograph by the author.

PHOENIX MOSQUE

Figure 3. Ming dynasty wooden, lacquered mehrab in the Phoenix Mosque, Hangzhou. Photograph by the author.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure I . Faramarz Pilaram, 1965.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 2 . Pilaram next to his work, no date.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 3 . Pilaram, 1977.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 4. Pilaram, early 1980s.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 5. Mosques of Isfahan (B), ca. 1962, ink, watercolor, gold and silver paint on paper, 45 3/4 × 34 3/4 in. (116.2 × 88.3 cm); frame: 49 1/8 × 38 1/8 in. (124.8 × 96.8 cm). Grey Art Gallery, New York University Art Collection, Gift of Abby Weed Grey, G1975.110.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 6. Laminations (Les Lames), 1962, gouache and metallic paint on paper, 77 13/16 × 32 5/8 in (197.7 × 82.7 cm). The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Elizabeth Bliss Parkinson Fund.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 7. Untitled 1962, watercolor on paper, 77 15/16 × 51 3/16 in. (198 × 130 cm). Collection of Houman M. Sarshar, New York.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 8. Untitled, 1966, oil on canvas, 39 3/8 × 39 3/8 in. (100 × 100 cm), Private collection (Daftari and Diba, 2013, p. 188).

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 9. Untitled, 1968, oil on canvas, 49 1/4 × 49 1/4 in. (125 × 125 cm). Collection of the Golden Tulip Art Foundation (Daftari and Diba, 2013, P. 190).

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 10. Untitled, 1972, oil on canvas, 47 × 47 in (119.4 × 119.4 cm), Collection of Houman M. Sarshar, New York.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 11. Pilaram with his outdoor sculpture, no date.

PILARAM, FARAMARZ

Figure 12. Pilaram with his calligraphic sculpture at Dāneškadeh elm-o-sanʾat.

PLATTS, JOHN THOMPSON

Figure 1. A. Rogers and J. T. Platts, eds., The Bústán of Shaikh Muslihu-d-dín Saadí, London, 1891; Persian title page (orig. h. 26 cm). Original, University of Michigan Library. Available from the Hathi Trust Digital Library at hathitrust.org.

PLATTS, JOHN THOMPSON

Figure 2. J. T. Platts, A Grammar of the Persian Language: Part I – Accidence, London, 1894, title page (orig. h. 19 cm). Original, University of Michigan Library. Available from the Hathi Trust Digital Library at hathitrust.org.

POLAK, JAKOB EDUARD

Figure 1. Jakob Eduard Polak, photograph of drawing, later attributed to Nāṣer-al-Din Shah and dated 1854. With permission of the Bildarchiv, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, Austria.

POLAK, JAKOB EDUARD

Figure 2. Jakob Eduard Polak, with the Star of the Lion and the Sun,  photograph by Julie Haftner (active 1857-67), Vienna, between 1860 and 1867. With permission of the Bildarchiv, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna, Austria.

POLAK, JAKOB EDUARD

Figure 3. Jakob Eduard Polak’s German-Persian phrase book, frontispiece (orig. height: 17 cm). Courtesy of Butler Library, Columbia University in the City of New York.

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 1. The “Garden carpet”; Isfahan, 17th-18th century. The National Museum in Krakow, No. MNK XIX-4410.

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 2. Half of a silk sash with figures of falconers in the horizontal panels; Kashan, first half of the 18th century. The National Museum in Krakow, No. MNK XIX-4604.

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 3. Bahrām killed by Tažāv, fol. 137v.; Ferdowsi, Šāh-nāma; copied by Kamāl-al-Din Aṣil; 1028/1619; 480 fols. (+ 3 empty), 38.5 x 25 cm, text in nastaʿliq script in black ink, 4 columns to a page, 30 lines per page, chapter titles in red.  26 paintings in gouache, Isfahan school; colors and gold on paper. The Princes Czartoryski Library (Branch of the National Museum in Krakow), No. BCz. MNK Ms.1800 (property of the Princes Czartoryski Foundation).

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 4. The battle between Bižan-e Giv and Pirān-e Visa, fol. 189v.; Ferdowsi, Šāh-nāma; copied by Kamāl-al-Din Aṣil; 1028/1619; 480 fols. (+ 3 empty), 38.5 x 25 cm, text in nastaʿliq script in black ink, 4 columns to a page, 30 lines per page, chapter titles in red.  26 paintings in gouache, Isfahan school; colors and gold on paper.  The Princes Czartoryski Library (Branch of the National Museum in Krakow), No. BCz. MNK Ms.1800 (property of the Princes Czartoryski Foundation).

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 5. Discourse between Šida and Key-ḵosrow, killing of Šida, fol. 209r; Ferdowsi, Šāh-nāma; copied by Kamāl-al-Din Aṣil; 1028/1619; 480 fols. (+ 3 empty), 38.5 x 25 cm, text in nastaʿliq script in black ink, 4 columns to a page, 30 lines per page, chapter titles in red.  26 paintings in gouache, Isfahan school; colors and gold on paper.  The Princes Czartoryski Library (Branch of the National Museum in Krakow), No. BCz. MNK Ms.1800 (property of the Princes Czartoryski Foundation).

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 6. Recto: painting of a battle in the mountains, surrounded by text. National Museum in Krakow, No. MCz. MNK Ew. rys. 2338. Folio from a manuscript with paintings on paper, Indian style, by Payāg, 39.9 x 28.0 cm, ca. 1645.  The Princes Czartoryski Museum (Branch of the National Museum in Krakow); property of the Princes Czartoryski Foundation.  Probably a folio from the Pādšāh-nāma manuscript preserved in the Royal Collection in the Windsor Castle.

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 7.  Verso: painting of a princess on elephant back who crowns the winner, four medallions representing Indian deities with captions in Devanagari.  National Museum in Krakow, No. MCz. MNK Ew. rys. 2339.

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 8. Recto:  painting with portrait of a young man with a bottle and a wine-cup, 17x8 cm, text in the margins. Verso:  text. National Museum in Krakow, No. MNK III-min.1044 (formerly MNK-XV Ew. rys. 2998); from a divan of Ḥāfeẓ. Paintings on both sides, early 17th century, Reżā ʿAbbāsi school; text written in šekasta script, still not elaborated. National Museum in Krakow.

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 9. Recto: a painting with a portrait of a young woman in a white wrap, 17 x 8 cm, text on margins.  Verso:  Persian text.  National Museum in Krakow, No. MNK III-min. 1045 (formerly MNK-XV Ew. rys. 2999); from a divan of Ḥāfeẓ.  Paintings on both sides, early 17th century, Reżā ʿAbbāsi school; text written in šekasta script, still not elaborated.  National Museum in Krakow.

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 10. Shah Solaymān I’s (?) armor: helmet, coat of mail, armguard for left hand, shield; Isfahan, ca. 1680. The National Museum in Krakow, No. MNK V-322, 334/1-5, 339, 361.

POLAND ii. Persian art and artifacts in Polish collections

Figure 11. Wall tile (kāši) in the shape of an octagonal star; quartz ceramics, 20.4 x 20.4 x 1.4 cm, depiction of a young stag and unfinished Arabic inscription around it; early 14th century. Princes Czartoryski Foundation, No. MCz. MNK-XIII 1954.

POLAND iii. Iranian Studies in Poland

Figure 1. Title page of Mikołaj Rej, Wizerunek własny żywota człowieka poczciwego (A decent man’s self-portrait,). (Available at Wikimedia Commons).

PONTUS

Figure 1. Silver coin of Pontus, wt. 262.4 gr. Obv.: head of King Pharnaces (early 2nd cent. BCE), grandfather of Mithradates VI; rev.: male divinity holding a cornucopia, with sun and moon and deer/stag motifs; inscription BASILEŌS PHARNAKOU (B. V. Head, A Guide to the Principal Gold and Silver Coins of the Ancients, from circ. B. C. 70 to A. D. 1, London, 1881, p. 89, no. VI A 5, pl. 48).

POPE, ARTHUR UPHAM

Figure 1. Pope’s resting place in Isfahan.

POŠT-E KUH

Figure 1. Map of Pošt-e Kuh. (Drawing by Erik Smekens)

PREHISTORY OF IRAN: Artificial cranial modifications

Figure 1.  Čoḡā Safid Burial 5, Courtesy of Frank Hole.

PREHISTORY OF IRAN: Artificial cranial modifications

Figure 2.  Human Figurine from Čoḡā Miš, Daems, after Delougaz et al., pl. 66a.

PREHISTORY OF IRAN: Artificial cranial modifications

Figure 3.  Human Figurine from Čoḡā Miš, Daems, after Delougaz and Kantor, fig. 7.

PREHISTORY OF IRAN: Artificial cranial modifications

Figure 4.  Pottery Sherd from Tall-e Bakun A, Daems, after Herzfeld, p. 13, fig. 1.

PUYANDA, MOḤAMMAD-JAʿFAR

Figure 1. Photograph of Moḥammad-Jaʿfar Puyanda.

(Cross-Reference)

Last Updated: August 26, 2015