HALIL RUD, river in the Jiroft and Kahnuj dis-tricts of Kerman Province in southeastern Iran, which stretches a total length of 390 km at an average gradi-ent of 0.8 percent. It originates at an elevation of about 3,300 m, from the Hazār mountains in the borough of Sar-Mašk about 96 km northwest of Jiroft. At first it flows in a southwestern direction into the borough of Bahr-Āsmān, where it is joined by Rudār and Rābar, after which it runs south along the foothills of Bahr-Āsmān to the village of Bani-Suḵta, where its waters are mixed with those of Šaṣt-Fič and Gordān. After this point, it flows instead in a southeastern direction, reaching the Jiroft Dam at its junction with Narāb. It then continues towards the village of Sezāb, beyond which it enters the central borough of the city of Jiroft, where it is joined by Rud-Šur-e-Jiroft. Next, it separates the boroughs of Moḥammad-ābād and Ḵātun-ābād from each other, and flows through the boroughs of Ḥosayn-ābād, Dowsāri, and Ganj-ābād, where a number of small, seasonal rivers merge with it. Halil Rud then enters the borough of Rudbār, in the district of Kahnuj, on its way to its final destination, namely the Jāzmuriān depression in the heart of Baluchistan, at a point 119 km to the south of Kahnuj.
Halil Rud’s annual precipitation is 260 mm. With a basin area of 23,150 km2 and an average annual discharge of 215 m3, it is the most important river in the whole of Kerman Province, where it makes possible the remarkable agricultural prosperity of the fertile plain of Jiroft.
Masʿud Kayhān, Comprehensive Geography of Iran I, Tehran, 1931.
N. Amiri-Nežād, “Vižagihā-ye ṭabiʿi-e ḥawża-ye āb-ḵiz-e Halil rud” (Physical characteristics of the Halil-Rud Basin), M.Sc. Thesis, Šāhed-Behešti University, 1373 Š./1994.
ʿAbbās Jaʿfari, Gitā-šenāsi-e Irān II (Rudhā wa rud-nāma), Tehran, 1997, p. 480.
(M. H. Ganji)
Originally Published: December 15, 2003
Last Updated: March 1, 2012
This article is available in print.
Vol. XI, Fasc. 6, p. 587