ETTEFĀQ-EKĀRGARĀN, a daily newspaper published by the striking print-workers union in Tehran in 1328/1910, one of the first labor or socialist newspaper published in Persia. The masthead bore the motto “supporter of the workers” (ḥāmī-e kārgarān). Since no other newspapers were being published in the capital, it carried domestic and international news. The first two issues, the only ones preserved, were published on 18-19 Jomādā II/26-27 June 1910. Since the strike lasted fourteen days, it seems likely that there were additional issues (cf. Browne, Press and Poetry, no. 30, who estimates there were four or five issues). Since it was not licensed, it did not mention the names of its editor, writers, or printing plant.

The format was four two-column pages, 22 x 35.5 cm, typeset, carrying no illustrations or advertisements, priced 2-3 šāhīs.


Bibliography (for works not cited in detail see “Short References”):

F. Qāsemī, Sandīkālīsm dar Īrān, Paris, 1364 Š./1985.

Ṣadr Hāšemī, Jarāʾed o majallāt, no. 36.

Ḵ. Šākerī (C. Chaqueri), ed., Asnād-e tārīḵī-e jonbeš-e kārgarī, sosyāl-demokrāsī, wa komūnīstī-ye Īrān/Historical Documents: The Workers’ Social-Democratic, and Communist Movement in Iran XI, Paris, 1361 Š./1982, pp. 138-41.

Solṭānī, Fehrest-e rūz-nāmahā, no. 22.

(Nassereddin Parvin)

Originally Published: December 15, 1998

Last Updated: January 20, 2012

This article is available in print.
Vol. IX, Fasc. 1, p. 55