ESMĀʿĪL, b. Nūḥ, ABŪ EBRĀHĪM MONTAṢER (d. 1004), last Samanid amir. After the Qarakhanids occupied Bokhara in 389/999, he led several attempts to expel them from Transoxania. See SAMANIDS.
Originally Published: December 15, 1998
Last Updated: January 19, 2012
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Vol. VIII, Fasc. 6, p. 627