DOŠMANZĪĀRĪ, name of two Lor tribes in southern Persia, the Došmanzīārī-e Mamasanī and the Došmanzīārī-e Kūhgīlūya.
The Došmanzīārī-e Mamasanī were one of the four principal components of the Mamasanī tribal confederation. They were greatly weakened in the power struggle following the execution of their chief, Moḥammad-Reżā Khan, in 1256/1840 (de Bode, p. 269). By the early 1900s they had already settled in what is today the dehestān of Došmanzīārī, southeast of Fahlīān in the subprovince of Kāzerūn in western Fārs (Field, p. 224). According to Gustave Demorgny (p. 127), the tribe comprised about 1,500 families in 1331/1913, a figure repeated byMaḥmūd Kayhān (Joḡrāfīā II, p. 90). Henry Field (p. 224) was informed that in 1335/1918 the tribe had consisted of some 2,000 families, but he noted that this figure was probably exaggerated. According to Persian army files, in 1337 Š./1958 the tribe comprised the following clans (tīras): Serenjelāk (300 families), Baḵšī (300 families), Maḥmūdī (300 families), Tīrtājī (300 families), Kolāhsīāh (200 families), Tawakkolī (200 families), Ḥasanī (200 families), Harāyjānī (300 families), Mašāyeḵ (300 families), Ardešīrī (100 families), Rūdbālī (200 families), and Bābā Šams-al-Dīnī (150 families).
The Došmanzīārī-e Kūhgīlūya were one of the four components of the Čahār Bonīča tribal confederation, which also included the Boir Aḥmadī (q.v.), Čorām, and Novī. Their leader at the time of Nāder Shah (1148-60/1736-47), Moḥammad Khan Goš-tāsbī, was head of the entire confederation. He built an impressive residence for himself in the village of Dehdašt, 4 km northeast of Qalʿa-ye Kalāt, the main tribal center and today capital of the dehestān of Došmanzīārī northeast of Behbahān in the governorate of Kūhgīlūya in western Fārs (Fasāʾī, II, pp. 273-74). Ḥājī Mīrzā Ḥasan Fasāʾī estimated (II, p. 273) the tribe at no more than 400 families in the early 1890s, Kayhān at about 700 in 1311 Š./1932 (Joḡrāfīā II, p. 89), Maḥmūd Bāvar at about 500 in 1324 Š./1945 (p. 107), Manūčehr Żarrābī at about 1,200 in 1340 Š./1961 (p. 302), Hūšang Kešāvarz at about 1,840 in 1347 Š./1968 (p. 1), and Sāzmān-e omūr-e ʿašāyer at about 2,150 in 1360 Š./1981 (cf. Afšār Sīstānī, p. 595). Many of these Došmanzīārī have remained nomadic, 1,057 families according to a recent survey (Sāzmān-e barnāma). Their summer quarters (yeylāq) are in the mountainous regions of Jowkār, Reven, Dālven and Gol-Aspīd, their winter quarters (qešlāq) around Ābrīz, Bīdanjār, Rūd-e Šūr, Zīrnā, Qalʿa-ye Kalāt, and Qalʿa-ye Rāk (Afšār Sīstānī, pp. 595-96). The settled tribesmen are scattered in villages throughout the dehestān. The tribe is divided into four subtribes: the Elyāsī, Bāvar(-e) Dīnārī, Sādāt, and Novī. The Elyāsī comprise the clans of Šīr-Moḥammadī, Raʾīs, Goštāsbī, Ḵᵛāja, Kolī, and Šāh-Ḥosaynī; the Bāvar Dīnārī the clans of Qalandarī, Būyrī, Šayḵ-ʿĀlī, and Solṭān ʿAlī; the Sādāt the clans of Sādāt-e ʿEsmāʿīlī, Sādāt-e ʿAbbāsī, Sādāt-e Mašhadī, Sādāt-e Kordlī, and Sādāt-e ʿAlāʾī (Afšār Sīstānī, p. 594).
(For cited works not found in this bibliography and for abbreviations found here, see “Short References.”) Ī. Afšar Sīstānī, Īlhā, čādornešīnān wa ṭawāyef-e ʿašāyerī-e Īrān I, Tehran, 1336 Š./1987.
M. Bāvar, Kūhgīlūya wa īlāt-e ān, Gačsārān, 1324 Š./1945.
C. A. de Bode, Travels in Luristan and Arabistan I, London, 1845.
G. Demorgny, “Les réformes administratives en Perse. Les tribus du Fars,” RMM 22, 1913, pp. 116.
H. Field, Contributions to the Anthropology of Iran, Chicago, 1939.
H. Kešāvarz, Barrasī-e ejtemāʿī wa eqṭesādī-e Došmanzīārī, Tehran, 1347 Š./1968.
Persian army files at Tehran, consulted in 1337 Š./1958.
Sāzmān-e barnāma wa Būdja-ye ostān-e Kūhgīlūya sāl-e 1362 šamsī, Tehran, 1362 Š./1983.
Sāzmān-e omūr-e ʿašāyer, Gozāreš, Tehran, 1360 Š./1981.
M. Żarrābī, “Ṭawāyef-e Kūhgīlūya,” FIZ 9, 1340 Š./1961, pp. 278-302.
Originally Published: December 15, 1995
Last Updated: November 29, 2011
This article is available in print.
Vol. VII, Fasc. 5, p. 522-523