Table of Contents

  • ĀBYĀRĪ

    B. Spooner

    Persian term meaning "irrigation." Although dry farming is important in Azerbaijan, Kurdistan, and Khorasan, as well as some other districts, a large proportion of Iran’s agriculture has always depended upon irrigation. This article concentrates on the preindustrial forms that not only have been important in the evolution of Iranian culture and civilization but have constituted an important Iranian contribution to the development of water management systems in other parts of the world.

  • ABZARĪ, ḴᵛĀJA ʿAMĪD-AL-DĪN

    A. E. Khairallah

    Poet and the vizier of the Salghurid Atabeg of Fārs Saʿd b. Zangī (594-623/1197-1226).

  • ABZŌN

    M. F. Kanga

    Middle Persian term meaning “prosperity, increase” in Zoroastrianism.

  • Ab~ CAPTIONS OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    Cross-Reference

    list of all the figure and plate images in the Ab entries