MONĀJĀT, a prayer genre which is often associated with the mystical verses of the Persian poet ʿAbdallāh Anṣāri (d. 1089) compiled in his famous Monājāt-nāma. It also found expression in the religious literature and rituals of the Zoroastrians. Despite their Islamic origin, these Zoroastrian monājāt established themselves as an independent category of devotional literature, which is represented by a large number of prayers in the Persian and Gujarati languages.

i. In Zoroastrianism.

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Originally Published: January 1, 2000

Last Updated: June 26, 2013