KASHAN (Kāšān) historical city and a sub-province of the province of Isfahan on the north-south axial route of central Iran (lat 33° 59ʹ 30ʹʹ N, long 51° 27ʹ 00ʹʹ E; elev. 950 m). The city is located 260 km (189 km air) south of Tehran and 220 km (146 km air) north of Isfahan. This entry is divided into the following nine articles:

i. Geography.

ii. Historical geography.

iii. History.

iv. Population.

v. Architecture and urban design.

 (1) Urban design.

 (2) Monuments.

 (3) Traditional architecture.

 (4) Historic mansions.

vi. Esbandi festival.

vii. Kashan ware.

viii. Religious communities.

 (1) Jewish community.

 (2) Bahai community.

ix. Median dialects.

 (1) Rural Raji dialects.

 (2) Urban Jewish dialect.

(Multiple Authors)

Originally Published: May 1, 2012

Last Updated: May 10, 2012

This article is available in print.
Vol. XVI, Fasc. 1, p. 1

Cite this entry:

Multiple Authors, “KASHAN,” Encyclopaedia Iranica, 2012, XVI/1, pp. 12-21, available online, at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/kashan (accessed on 30 December 2012)