HĄM.VAINTĪ, Zoroastrian divinity “Victory.” Louis H. Gray (Foundations, p. 148) wrote: “Normally the distinctive epithet of Āxšti, Hąm-vaintī (‘Conquering’) is mentioned as a separate war-goddess in Yt. xi, 15; but the text here is doubtful, and the existence of the deity is highly questionable.” But the grammatical analysis as abstract noun formed with - and irregular full grade, suggests that it is a personification of the latest layer of the Avestan texts. Hąm.vaintī is only attested as a companion with Āxšti “Peace” (AirWb, col. 311).



Karl Friedrich Geldner, Studien zum Avesta, Strassburg and London, 1882, p. 119.

Stig Wikander, Vayu, Lund, 1942, pp. 16 ff.

Jean Kellens, Les noms-racines de l’Avesta, Wiesbaden, 1974, pp. 44 ff.


(Bernfried Schlerath)

Originally Published: December 15, 2003

Last Updated: December 15, 2003