BĀRMĀN, the son of Vīsa, one of the Turanian heroes mentioned in the Šāh-nāma as a member of the army that Afrāsīāb led into Iran during the reign of Nowḏar. In hand to hand combat, Bārmān killed the aged Qobād, the son of Kāva. Some time later Bārmān himself died at the hands of Qāran, Qobād’s brother. During the reigns of Kay Kāvūs and Kay Ḵosrow, another Turanian hero appeared with this name, evidently the son of Vīsa and brother of Pīrān, though he is not explicitly identified in the Šāh-nāma episode. This Bārmān was put, together with Hūmān, at the head of an army of 12,000 men which Sohrāb led into Iran. They were instructed by Afrāsīāb to prevent Sohrāb from recognizing his own father Rostam. Later, in the reign of Kay Ḵosrow, Bārmān faced the Iranian hero Rohhām, the son of Gōdarz, in the episode of the twelve challenges (davāzdah roḵ) and was killed by him.
Šāh-nāma (Moscow) II, p. 15 vv. 143ff.; III, index.
Originally Published: December 15, 1988
Last Updated: December 15, 1988
This article is available in print.
Vol. III, Fasc. 8, p. 809