ĀṢLĀNDŪZ (or AṢLĀNDŪZ), a small village in the northeast of the Iranian province of East Azerbaijan (dehestān of Moḡān, baḵš of Germī, šahrestān of Ardabīl) on the south bank of the Aras river. By road it is 120 km west of Bīla-Savār. The district is mountainous but is counted as warm. The local people are Shiʿites and speak Āḏarī Turkish. They subsist on stockrearing and grain cultivation (Razmārā, Farhang IV, p. 25).
The village figured in the history of Iran on two occasions. Firstly, during the Russo-Iranian war of 1218/1803—1228/1813, it was the scene of preliminary peace parleys between Russian and Iranian military representatives on 27-30 Ramażān, 1227/29 September-1 October 1812 (Sepehr, Nāseḵ al-tawārīḵ I, p. 140; James Morier, Le Second voyage II, pp. 79-97).
Secondly, less than a month after the suspension of these parleys, the Iranian force under the crown prince ʿAbbās Mīrzā, which had camped in the village, was surprised by a Russian night attack on 24 Šawwāl 1227/31 October 1812. The attack would not have been made but for the Anglo-Russian reconciliation in Europe and the subsequent collusion of the two powers over Iran (Watson, History of Persia, p. 165; Maḥmūd, Tārīḵ-erawābeṭ-e Īrān o Engelīs I, p. 121; Sepehr, Nāseḵ al-tawārīḵ I, p. 127; Qāʾem-maqāmī, Taḥawwolāt-e sīāsī-e neẓām-e Īrān, p. 41). ʿAbbās Mīrzā’s troops were thrown into complete disarray and suffered heavy losses. The outcome of the ten-year-long war was in fact decided by this attack, because the army in Azerbaijan could no longer put up effective resistance. ʿAbbās Mīrzā thus became ready for a ceasefire and finally had to accept the onerous terms of the treaty of Golestān, which was signed on 29 Šawwāl 1228/12 October 1813.
M. Atkin, Russia and Iran 1780-1820, Minneapolis, 1980, pp. 112-13, 138-39.
M. Maḥmūd, Tārīḵ-erawābeṭ-e sīāsī-e Īrān o Engelīs dar qarn-e nūzdahom I, Tehran, 1328 Š./1949.
J. Morier, A Second Journey through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor to Constantinople, London, 1818; French tr. Le Second voyage en Perse, en Arménie, et dans l’Asie Mineure fait de 1810 à 1816. Paris, 1818.
E. Pakravan, Abbas Mirza, Paris, 1973, pp. 150-54.
J. Qāʾem-maqāmī, Taḥawwolāt-e sīāsī-e neẓām-e Īrān, Tehran, 1326 Š./1947.
Moḥammad-Taqī Khan Lesān-al-molk Sepehr, Nāseḵ al-tawārīḵ: Ketāb-e Qāǰārīya, ed. J. Qāʾem-maqāmī, Tehran, 1337 Š./1958.
R. G. Watson, A History of Persia from the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century to the Year 1858, repr. Tehran, 1976, pp. 164-69.
Originally Published: December 15, 1987
Last Updated: August 16, 2011
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