ĀQĀ BĀLĀ KHAN SARDĀR, MOḤAMMAD-ʿALĪ KHAN, Qajar official in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Of an obscure family, he joined the military at an early age. He rose rapidly after attracting the attention of Nāṣer-al-dīn Shah’s son, Kāmrān Mīrzā, minister of war and supreme commander of the armies. In 1304/1887, Āqā Bālā Khan received the title “Moʿīn(-e) Neẓām” (M. H. Eʿtemād-al-salṭana, Rūz-nāma-ye ḵāṭerāt, ed. Ī. Afšār, Tehran, 1345 Š./1966, p. 550) and the command of Kāmrān’s special regiment. In 1308/1891 he became commander of a division of 10,000 men (amīr-e tūmān) and chief of the arsenal; the next year he received the title Wakīl-al-dawla and succeeded the recently deceased Jahāngīr Khan as minister of industries (wazīr-e ṣanāyeʿ, ibid., p. 550). On 3 Jomādā II 1309/4 January 1892, a large demonstration against the foreign tobacco monopoly took place in front of the palace in Tehran. After Kāmrān Mīrzā’s attempt to confront the demonstrators ended ignominiously, Āqā Bālā Khan directed the royal guards to fire on them. Some 30 people were killed or wounded (ibid., p. 889; ʿA. Mostawfī, Šarḥ-e zendagānī-e man, Tehran, 1343 Š./1964, pp. 470-72; see the report of the incident in Mīrzā ʿAlī Khan Amīn-al-dawla, Ḵāṭerāt-e sīāsī, ed. Ḥ. Farmān-farmaʾīān , Tehran, 1341 Š./1972, pp. 159-62 and F. Kazemzadeh, Russia and Britain in Persia, 1864-1914, New Haven, 1968, pp. 263-64). Āqā Bālā Khan’s career continued to advance with his assiduous application to police work, and he was named Sardār-e Afḵam in 1313/1895-96. Under Moḥammad-ʿAlī Shah (1324-27/1906-09), he was appointed governor of Gīlān, but on 16 Moḥarram 1327/7 February 1909, he was assassinated in Rašt.
See also Bāmdād, Reǰāl I, pp. 184-87.
Ḥasan Aʿẓām Qodsī, Ketāb-e ḵāṭerāt-e man yā rowšan šodan-e tārīḵ-e ṣad-sāla, Tehran, 1343 Š./1963, I, pp. 144-48, 225-37.
Sayyed Aḥmad Tafrešī Ḥosaynī, Rūz-nāma-ye aḵbār-e mašrūṭīyat wa enqelāb-e Īrān, ed.
Ī. Afšār, Tehran, 1351 Š./1973, pp. 62, 145, 170, 173-74.
(Ḥ. Maḥbūbī Ardakānī)
Originally Published: December 15, 1986
Last Updated: August 5, 2011
This article is available in print.
Vol. II, Fasc. 2, pp. 168-169
Ḥ. Maḥbūbī Ardakānī, “ĀQĀ BĀLĀ KHAN SARDĀR,” Encyclopaedia Iranica, II/2, pp. 168-169, available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/aqa-bala-khan-sardar (accessed on 30 December 2012).