AMĀNAT (MONŠĪ AMĀNAT RĀY AMĀNAT), 12th/18th century poet in Persian who imitated the style of his teacher, Mīrzā ʿAbd-al-Qāder Bīdel. A khatri from Laʿlpūr, he was employed as monšī by Nawwāb Amǰad Khan, foster brother of the emperor Moḥammad Shah (1131-61/1719-48). Among works that he translated from Sanskrit into Persian verse is the surviving Bhagatmālā (S. M. Abdullah, Catalogue . . . Punjab University Library I/2, Lahore, 1948, no. 560). An original composition is Jelwa-ye Ḏāt (Ethé, Cat. Ind. Off. I, no. 1696, copied in 1176/1763), a large maṯna wī that relates the adventures of the divine Krishna, interspersing many ḡazals and robāʿīs. It was composed in 1145/1732-33 (the title is a chronogram). He also left behind a Persian dīvān).


Ḵayyāmpūr, Soḵanvarān, p. 574.

Sayyed ʿAlī Ḥasan Khan, Sobḥ-e golšan, Bhopal, 1295, p. 37.

Mīr Ḥosayn Dōst Sanbhalī, Taḏkera-ye Ḥosaynī, Lucknow, 1875, pp. 48-49.

Marshall, Mughals in India, p. 70.

(M. Baqir)

Originally Published: December 15, 1989

Last Updated: August 2, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 9, p. 923

Cite this entry:

M. Baqir, “AMĀNAT,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/9, p. 923, available online at (accessed on 30 December 2012).