ADHYARDHAŚATIKĀ PRAJÑĀPĀRAMITĀ (“The perfection of wisdom in 150 lines”), title of a Praǰñāpāramitā text in Tantric style. It contains fifteen chapters, fourteen of which are spoken by a number of Buddhas, who expound the various methods of Praǰñāpāramitā. Each expository chapter is summarized by means of a mystic syllable. The text survives in the Sanskrit original and in translations: into Chinese (six translations and two comment; extant), Tibetan, Mongol, and Khotanese. The Khotanese version was one of the earliest Khotanese texts to be studied. It was edited by E. Leumann (in Zur nordarischen Sprache und Literatur [Schriften der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft in Strassburg, 10. Heft], Strassburg, 1912, pp. 92-99) and translated by E. Leumann in the Wogihara Festschrift (Taishō Dai-gaku Gakuhō, Tokyo, 1930, pp. 47-87).


Detailed bibliog. in E. Conze, The Prajñāpāramitā Literature, 2nd ed. (Bibliographia philologica buddhica, Series maior 1), Tokyo, 1968, pp. 79-81.

Summary of the text in Shūyū Kanaoka, “Adhyardhaśataka,” Encyclopaedia of Buddhism, ed. G. P. Malalasekera, fascicle Acala—Ākaṅkheyya Sutta, Ceylon, 1963, pp. 209-11.

(R. E. Emmerick)

Originally Published: December 15, 1983

Last Updated: July 22, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 5, p. 456

Cite this entry:

R. E. Emmerick, “ADHYARDHAŚATIKĀ PRAJÑĀPĀRAMITĀ,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/5, p. 456; an updated version is available online at (accessed on 7 February 2014).