ABROCOMAS, Persian satrap of Syria and commander under Artaxerxes II. In 401 B.C. he prepared an army to reconquer Egypt, which was in revolt against the Persian domination. But the same year Cyrus the Younger rebelled against Artaxerxes II, and Abrocomas went to Babylonia to the aid of the Persian king. He arrived after the decisive battle at Cunaxa had already been fought (Xenophon, Anabasis 1.7.12; see also 1.3.20; 4.3, 5, 18). Ca. 389-387 B.C. Abrocomas and the Persian commanders Pharnabazus and Tithraustes continued without success the attempt at reconquest of Egypt (see Isocrates, Panegyricus 140).


O. Leuze, Die Satrapieneinteilung in Syrien und im Zweistromlande von 520-320, Hildesheim, 1972, pp. 311-17.

(M. Dandamayev)

Originally Published: December 15, 1983

Last Updated: July 19, 2011

This article is available in print.
Vol. I, Fasc. 3, p. 247

Cite this entry:

M. Dandamayev, “Abrocomas,” Encyclopædia Iranica, I/3, p. 247; an updated version is available online at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/abrocomas-persian-satrap-of-syria-and-commander-under-artaxerxes-ii (accessed on 26 January 2014).